Nearly a dozen lawsuits brought by President Trump and his allies make their way through courts in Nevada, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Georgia, trying – so far unsuccessfully – to stop ballot counting and invalidate enough votes to wipe out Joseph R. Biden Jr.’s lead there. Here is an overview of these cases.
In Pennsylvania, the biggest fight was over ballots stamped on election day but arriving later. In September, the state’s Supreme Court ruled, over Republicans’ objections, that election officials could accept ballots arriving up to three days later. The United States Supreme Court refused to intercede, but left open the possibility of reconsidering the matter.
Separately, the Supreme Court awarded Camp Trump a small victory in Pennsylvania on Friday night, when Judge Samuel A. Alito Jr. ordered election officials to keep late ballots separate from other ballots, and not to not include them, because now in the announced vote totals. But the victory was essentially in name: the Pennsylvania Secretary of State had already given this instruction.
The whole dispute over the late ballots could be moot, as Mr. Biden took the lead in Pennsylvania even without those late ballots.
One of the many other conflicts in Pennsylvania involves people from both sides observing the board in Philadelphia, where they have been told to stay 10 feet from the vote counters. Some Trump allies have falsely claimed that no observers are allowed. In response to a Republican complaint, a judge ruled Thursday that they can stand within six feet, but refused to stop the count.
A similar case in Michigan was dismissed.
In Nevada, the Trump campaign has filed a lawsuit to stop processing mail-in ballots, claiming its controllers did not have adequate access. A judge dismissed the request, citing a lack of evidence. Another Republican lawsuit called for lax authentication of ballots; a judge rejected it.
Arizona lawsuit claims ballot papers filled with felt-tip pens were thrown away; state and federal officials say this is wrong. A case in Georgia claims that a few dozen late ballots – which the state does not allow, even if they are postmarked on election day – were not properly separated, raising the possibility that they are counted. A judge dismissed the complaint, saying there was no evidence that the ballots in question arrived late.