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The number of deaths from the virus in the United States has exceeded 400,000.

More than 400,000 people in the United States with the coronavirus have died, according to data compiled by The New York Times on Tuesday, as the anniversary of the country’s first known death in the pandemic approaches.

The rate at which Americans are dying accelerated during the fall and winter, reaching record levels in January. For a few weeks this month, the average daily death toll exceeded 3,300, more than the number killed in the 9/11 terrorist attacks. Tuesday’s heartbreaking milestone came a day after the United States surpassed 24 million total cases.

The deadliest day in the pandemic to date was January 12, when more than 4,400 deaths were reported. Unlike the early days of the outbreak in the United States, which was concentrated in a handful of major cities, mostly in the northeast, this surge is widespread. Arizona, California, South Carolina, New York and Oklahoma had reported the most new cases per capita in the previous week on Monday. Much of the latest wave has been attributed to the gathering of people over the holidays, from Thanksgiving to New Years Eve.

The time taken to record each 100,000 deaths has dramatically decreased since the nation’s first known death from Covid-19, which occurred in Santa Clara County, Calif., On February 6, 2020. The first 100,000 deaths in the United States were confirmed by May 27; it then took the nation four months to register an additional 100,000 deaths; the next, about three months; the last, only five weeks.

Public health experts don’t expect death rates to peak until the end of the month. By the end of February, the death toll could reach 500,000, a figure that would have seemed unthinkable a year ago. Dr Anthony S. Fauci, the nation’s leading infectious disease specialist, estimated in March that up to 240,000 Americans could lose their lives, a huge figure that is still far from the reality.

The United States has recorded more deaths from the virus than any other country in the world. In total, New York alone recorded over 40,000

death. In all, more than two million people have died from the virus worldwide, a number which is almost certainly an undercount.

Responsibility for the huge loss of American lives, many experts say, lies in the failed leadership of President Trump, whose administration politicized the use of masks and left states to implement a patchwork of inconsistent measures who have not controlled the virus.

“It’s not that he was just incompetent,” said Jeffrey Shaman, a Columbia University professor of environmental health sciences who modeled the spread of the virus. “He made something that could very easily have turned into a point of patriotism, pride and national unity – protecting your neighbors, protecting your loved ones, protecting your community – into a matter of division, as he has. habit, and it cost people their lives. “

By comparison, Vietnam, a nation of 97 million people, has only confirmed 35 virus-related deaths, Dr Shaman added.

President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr., due to be inaugurated on Wednesday, called for an aggressive national strategy to defeat the virus, including increasing the availability of Covid-19 vaccines, although he has not committed to a federal government. mandate mask.

“You have my word that we will handle the hell of this operation,” Biden said Friday, pointing to the disproportionately deadly consequences of the virus for blacks, Latin Americans and Native Americans. “Our administration will lead with science and scientists.”

With the virus that has been rampant everywhere for so many months, hospitals have been stretched. In rural areas, doctors have sometimes been unable to transfer seriously ill patients to larger medical centers for more sophisticated treatment.

As of Monday, the seven-day average of cases in the United States was 200,000 per day, although it has started to decline in recent weeks. Hospitalizations have finally started to stabilize and hit their lowest level since January 2 on Sunday. In the Midwest, hit by its worst surge in the fall, the number of cases has fallen sharply in recent weeks, but that increase appears to be slowing.

However, new variants of the virus, some of which make it more transmissible, could soon spread and threaten to increase infections again.

“There is no clear end in sight in the near future,” said Ira M. Longini Jr., professor of biostatistics at the University of Florida.

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One year, 400,000 deaths from coronavirus: how the United States guaranteed its own failure

New president Joseph R. Biden Jr. has said he will reaffirm a federal strategy to bring the virus under control, including a call for everyone to wear masks over the next 100 days and a coordinated plan to expand delivery of vaccines. “We are going to handle the hell of this operation,” Biden said Friday. “Our administration will lead with science and scientists.”

The strategy signals a change from last year, in which the Trump administration largely delegated responsibility for controlling the virus and reopening the economy to 50 governors, fracturing the nation’s response. Interviews with more than 100 health officials, political and community leaders across the country, and a review of state government emails and other records provide a more complete picture of all that went wrong:

  • The severity of the current outbreak can be attributed to the rush to reopen last spring. Many governors acted quickly, sometimes acting over the objections of their advisers. Nationwide reopenings have resulted in a surge in new infections that have grown over time: never again would the country’s average fall below 20,000 new cases per day.

  • Science has been sidelined at all levels of government. More than 100 state and local health officials have been fired or resigned since the start of the pandemic. Leading scientists in Florida offered their expertise to the governor’s office but were marginalized, while Gov. Ron DeSantis turned to Dr. Scott W. Atlas, an adviser to Trump, and others whose views have been adopted in conservative circles but rejected by many scientists.

  • While the president publicly downplayed the need for masks, White House officials privately recommended that some states with worsening epidemics require a face mask in public spaces. But records show at least 26 states ignored White House recommendations on masks and other health concerns. In South Dakota, housekeeper Kristi Noem bragged to her political allies that she didn’t need masks even as her state was in the midst of an epidemic that has become one of the worst in the country.

Colorado Governor Jared Polis said states have faced tough choices in balancing the virus – often hearing competing voices on how best to do it – and said Mr Trump left them without political support which they needed as they urged the public to accept the masks. and social distancing. “The most important thing that would have made a difference was the clarity of the message from the person at the top,” Polis said in an interview.

The pandemic has indeed been accompanied by significant challenges, including record unemployment and a dynamic disease that continues to circle the globe. Without a national White House strategy, it is unlikely that any state could have completely stopped the spread of the pandemic.

But the majority of deaths in the United States have since come as the strategies needed to contain it were clear to state leaders, who had an array of options, from ordering masks to targeted closures and increased testing. Disparities emerged between states that took restrictions seriously and those that did not.

America now represents 4% of the world’s population, but accounts for about 20% of deaths worldwide. While Australia, Japan and South Korea have shown that it is possible to reduce the number of deaths, the United States – armed with wealth, scientific prowess and global power – has emerged as the world leader: they now have one of the highest concentrations of deaths, with nearly many deaths being reported as in any other country.

Spring

The country once had the chance to embark on the path to defeat the virus.

There had been many missteps in the beginning. The United States failed to create a large testing and contact tracing network in January and February, which could have identified the first cases and possibly curb the crisis. Then cases exploded silently in New York City, as Governor Andrew M. Cuomo and Mayor Bill de Blasio waited crucial days to shut down schools and businesses.

Thousands of lives could have been saved in the New York metropolitan area alone if measures had been in place even a week earlier, the researchers said. Driven by the spring rush, New York and New Jersey have the nation’s worst death rates to date.

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The United States executes Corey Johnson for 7 murders in 1992

WASHINGTON – The Trump administration executed Corey Johnson on Thursday for a series of seven murders in 1992. He was the 12th federal inmate to be put to death under President Trump.

Mr Johnson committed the murders in the Richmond, Va. Area to further a drug company that trafficked large amounts of cocaine. Among his crimes were the shooting with a semi-automatic weapon of a rival drug dealer, the murder of a woman who had not paid for crack cocaine and the shooting of a man at close range whom Mr Johnson suspected to cooperate with the police.

Mr Johnson, 52, was pronounced dead by lethal injection at 11:34 p.m. at the Federal Correctional Complex in Terre Haute, Indonesia, the Bureau of Prisons said.

Asked by an executioner if he had any final words, Mr Johnson replied, “No, I’m fine,” according to a report by a reporter present. Seconds later, he said softly, “I love you,” looking at a room reserved for his family members.

In a statement released by a spokesperson for his defense team, Mr Johnson apologized to families who were victims of his actions and listed the names of the seven murder victims, asking that they be recalled.

“In the street, I was looking for shortcuts, I had good models, I was on the side, I was blind and stupid,” he says. “I’m not the same man I used to be.”

Mr Johnson thanked the chaplain, his minister, his legal team and the staff of the special detention unit. He noted that “the pizza and strawberry shake were wonderful,” but that he had never received the jelly-filled donuts he ordered, a reference to his last meal request. “What is that? he added. “This should be fixed.”

Mr Johnson tested positive for the coronavirus last month, shortly after the government scheduled his execution, during an outbreak in the Federal District of Death at Terre Haute prison. At least 22 of the men held in the death row have tested positive, lawyers for the prisoners and others familiar with their cases have said. Madeline Cohen, who represents two of the men, said she is aware of 33 cases.

In a request to delay Mr Johnson’s execution, his lawyers said the virus had caused significant lung damage. They argued that his execution would violate the Eighth Amendment ban on cruel and unusual punishment, as he could experience a sensation of suffocation or drowning if put to death with the federal government’s method, which uses a single drug, pentobarbital. Instead, his lawyers suggested, Mr Johnson could be executed by a firing squad or the Prisons Office could administer an anesthetic pain reliever before the pentobarbital injection.

Specifically, Mr Johnson’s lawyers argued that the combination of the coronavirus and the government’s lethal injection protocol would place him “particularly at risk of suffering from flash pulmonary edema while remaining susceptible.” Flash pulmonary edema, a condition in which fluid builds up quickly in the lungs, has been at the center of some challenges to the federal government’s enforcement protocol. The courts have been largely unresponsive to these requests.

But briefly, it looked like the coronavirus would provide Mr Johnson with reprieve. A U.S. District Court judge for the District of Columbia has suspended Mr Johnson’s execution and another execution scheduled for at least Friday until March. Shortly thereafter, a panel of judges from the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit overturned that order.

Joined by another panel judge, Court of Appeal Judge Gregory G. Katsas cited Supreme Court precedent that the Eighth Amendment “does not guarantee a prisoner a painless death – which, of course, is not guaranteed to many. people.'”

In a Supreme Court case, the government opposed its lethal injection protocol to death by hanging, saying hanging could cause suffocation for several minutes. Even if coronavirus infections made prisoners’ executions more painful, the government argued, the “brief duration of pain”, most likely measured in seconds or at most two minutes, would be much less than that of inmates executed by hanging .

Mr Johnson “is a convicted serial killer who has murdered and mutilated several people on different occasions, and whose victims have included innocent bystanders,” the government said in a separate Supreme Court file. “Their families have waited decades for the sentence to be carried out and are now in Terre Haute, Indonesia, for execution.”

A majority of the Supreme Court sided with the government in denying Mr Johnson’s stay requests.

Mr Johnson’s lawyers also sought to challenge his execution arguing that he was intellectually disabled, which made it illegal.

His claims of intellectual disability were dismissed on the grounds that an IQ of 77 was considered too high to merit the diagnosis, his lawyers said. But they argued that results from other IQ tests and an adjusted version of the same score indicated that he was classified as intellectually disabled.

But refuting these claims, the Justice Department argued that the murders were planned and not impulsive acts by someone incapable of calculated judgments. For example, when the pharmaceutical company was operating in Trenton, NJ, Mr Johnson beat people with a metal bat to protect the company, the government said.

Lawyers for another man executed by the Trump administration – Alfred Bourgeois in December – also argued that their client was intellectually disabled. In both cases, a majority of the Supreme Court rejected the prisoners’ claims.

Two of Mr Johnson’s attorneys still argued their client lacked the capacity to be a drug mainstay, as the government described it. In a statement, they said he could barely read or write, struggled with basic tasks of daily living and was “a follower, in desperate need of approval, support and guidance.”

“No court has ever held a hearing to consider the overwhelming evidence of Mr. Johnson’s intellectual disability,” said attorneys Donald P. Salzman and Ronald J. Tabak. “And the leniency process has failed to play its historic role as a safeguard against violations of due process and the rule of law.”

Mr Johnson was convicted in 1993 of seven capital murders, among a host of other charges relating to drug trafficking and acts of violence. His lawyers have argued unsuccessfully that he should be granted a stay under the First Step Act, a bill signed by Mr. Trump that allowed, among other things, shortened sentences for some drug offenders.

Two other people involved in the conspiracy – Richard Tipton and James Roane – who together trafficked large amounts of cocaine in the Richmond area in the early 1990s, were also sentenced to death.

Mr. Tipton and Mr. Roane remain in the federal penitentiary of Terre Haute. The Ministry of Justice did not schedule their executions.

President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr., whose term begins Wednesday, has signaled his opposition to the federal death penalty, so their executions are unlikely to take place any time soon. Mr Biden has pledged to work to pass legislation to end the federal death penalty as part of his criminal justice platform.

The Trump administration intends to execute its last inmate, Dustin J. Higgs, on Friday. Mr. Higgs was sentenced to death for the murders of three women in Maryland in 1996. If his attorneys fail in their appeals and Mr. Trump does not grant clemency, Mr. Higgs’ death will be the 13th federal execution in just over six months and the third this week. Lisa M. Montgomery, the only woman sentenced to death by the federal government, was put to death on Wednesday.

Since July, the number of prisoners sentenced to death by the federal government has fallen by about 20% following the spate of executions by the Trump administration, according to data from the Death Penalty Information Center . That month, the administration resumed the use of the federal death penalty after a 17-year hiatus.

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400,000 more deaths than normal in the United States since the Covid-19 strike




Higher and lower than normal weekly deaths in the United States since 2015

Since March, at least 400,000 more Americans have died than in a normal year, a sign of the great devastation wrought by the coronavirus pandemic.

Analysis of mortality data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention shows how the pandemic is causing unusual death patterns, even higher than official death totals directly related to the virus.

Deaths nationwide were 18 percent higher than normal from March 15, 2020 to December 26, 2020. Our numbers may be undercounted as recent death statistics are still being updated.

Our analysis looks at deaths from all causes – not just confirmed cases of coronavirus – from the time the virus took hold in the United States last spring. This allows for comparisons that do not depend on the accuracy of reporting causes of death, and includes deaths related to disturbances caused by the pandemic as well as the virus itself. Epidemiologists refer to deaths in the range between observed and normal numbers of deaths as “excess deaths.”

Public health researchers use such methods to measure the impact of catastrophic events when official measurements of mortality are wrong.

As the cases of Covid-19 spread across the country, geographic patterns of abnormal mortality statistics followed. Excessive deaths have so far peaked three times, as have deaths from Covid-19.

There are now excessive deaths in all states, with outbreaks in states like California, Colorado, Kansas and Ohio fueling record numbers of deaths in recent weeks.


Weekly deaths above and below normal since March 15, 2020


United States

March 15 – December 26

Alabama

March 15 – December 26

Alaska

March 15 – December 12

Arizona

March 15 – December 26

Arkansas

March 15 – December 26

California

March 15 – December 26

Colorado

March 15 – December 26

Connecticut

March 15 – November 28

Delaware

March 15 – December 12

Florida

March 15 – December 26

Georgia

March 15 – December 12

Hawaii

March 15 – December 19

Idaho

March 15 – December 26

Illinois

March 15 – December 26

Indiana

March 15 – December 19

Iowa

March 15 – December 26

Kansas

March 15 – December 26

Kentucky

March 15 – December 19

Louisiana

March 15 – December 12

Maine

March 15 – December 26

Maryland

March 15 – December 26

Massachusetts

March 15 – December 26

Michigan

March 15 – December 26

Minnesota

March 15 – December 26

Mississippi

March 15 – December 26

Missouri

March 15 – December 19

Montana

March 15 – December 26

Nebraska

March 15 – December 26

Nevada

March 15 – December 26

New Hampshire

March 15 – December 26

New Jersey

March 15 – December 26

New Mexico

March 15 – December 19

New York (outside NYC)

March 15 – December 26

New York City

March 15 – December 26

North Carolina

March 15 – September 5

North Dakota

March 15 – December 26

Ohio

March 15 – December 19

Oklahoma

March 15 – December 19

Oregon

March 15 – December 19

Pennsylvania

March 15 – December 26

Porto Rico

March 15 – November 14

Rhode Island

March 15 – December 12

Caroline from the south

March 15 – December 26

South Dakota

March 15 – December 12

Tennessee

March 15 – December 26

Texas

March 15 – December 26

Utah

March 15 – December 26

Vermont

March 15 – December 26

Virginia

March 15 – December 26

Washington state

March 15 – December 19

Washington DC

March 15 – December 12

West Virginia

March 15 – November 21

Wisconsin

March 15 – December 26

Wyoming

March 15 – December 26


Counting deaths takes time, and many states are weeks or months behind in reporting. These CDC estimates are adjusted for the lag in mortality data from previous years. It will be several months before all these figures are finalized.

During the period of our analysis, the estimated additional deaths were 21% higher than the official number of coronavirus deaths. If this trend continued through January 14, the total death toll would be around 470,000.

By comparison, about 600,000 Americans die from cancer in a typical year. The number of unusual deaths for this period is higher than the typical number of annual deaths due to Alzheimer’s disease, stroke or diabetes.

Measuring excess mortality does not tell us precisely how each person died. Most of the additional deaths during this period are due to the coronavirus itself. But it’s also possible that deaths from other causes have also increased, as hospitals in some hot spots are overwhelmed and people have been afraid to seek care for illnesses that can usually survive. Some causes of death may be on the decline as people stay indoors, drive less, and limit contact with others.

Drug deaths also rose sharply in the first half of 2020, according to preliminary CDC mortality data through June of last year, a trend that began before the onset of the pandemic. coronavirus.

Methodology

Total numbers of deaths are estimates from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which are based on death certificates counted by the centers and adjusted for typical delays in reporting deaths. The coronavirus death numbers come from the New York Times database with reports from local and state health agencies and hospitals. Covid-19-related deaths include both confirmed and probable deaths from the virus.

Our charts show higher or lower than normal weekly deaths. They include the weeks in which the CDC estimates the data to be at least 90% complete or the estimated deaths are greater than the expected numbers of deaths. Because states vary somewhat in their speed of reporting deaths to the federal government, these state charts show trends in deaths for slightly different time periods. We did not include weeks in which reported deaths were less than 50% of the CDC estimate.

Expected deaths were calculated using a simple model based on the weekly number of deaths from all causes from 2015 to 2019, adjusted for trends, such as population changes, over time.

The numbers of excess deaths are rounded.

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Are you traveling to (or returning to) the United States? Prepare to take a coronavirus test

According to a CDC order, airlines must comply with these rules to receive clearance to disembark passengers in the United States.

The CDC says negative results must come out of a test that can detect an ongoing infection, picking up pieces of the pathogen itself. Two types of tests fall into this category: molecular tests (which include PCR tests) and antigen tests. (Antibody tests, which can only determine if someone has been infected in the past, don’t count.)

Molecular tests look for segments of the virus’s genetic material, or RNA. The most common molecular tests rely on a proven technique called polymerase chain reaction, or PCR – a gold standard in the diagnosis of infectious diseases. PCR tests can be expensive, and because they require samples to go to labs, it can take a few days to return results. Experts say it’s a good idea to plan ahead if you go for this type of test.

There are a few rapid molecular tests that can be performed from start to finish in a doctor’s office in minutes. These include Abbott’s ID Now test. They are considered to be less accurate than PCR-based tests, but will allow you to get answers faster.

Antigen tests look for pieces of coronavirus protein or antigens. They tend to be less accurate than molecular tests and are worse at detecting the virus when it is rare. But most antigen testing can be done very quickly and inexpensively, taking just a few minutes to produce results.

Some antigen tests are only allowed for people with symptoms and may more frequently give inaccurate results when used to screen people who feel healthy.

Depending on the country travelers are departing from, some tests may not be available – and, therefore, these new rules will likely make it significantly more difficult for people to enter the United States. Testing is typically offered by health care providers or community testing sites, which can be located through tourist bureaus and local health care providers. Some airports, like Heathrow in London, offer coronavirus testing on site. And a few airlines, like American, Jet Blue, and United, offer to help their customers in certain countries organize tests. Delta, for example, has partnered with the Mayo Clinic and national health authorities in several countries to facilitate the testing and travel process.

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FBI urges police chiefs across United States to be on high alert for threats

KANSAS CITY, Mo. – The FBI on Wednesday urged police chiefs across the country to be on high alert for extremist activity and to share intelligence on any threats they face, as the U.S. government has published a terrible intelligence bulletin warning of potential violence before the inauguration.

During the call with police chiefs, Christopher Wray, the director of the FBI, and Kenneth Cuccinelli, the acting deputy secretary of the Department of Homeland Security, warned of potential attacks on state capitals, of federal buildings, the homes of members of Congress and businesses, according to one of the chiefs on appeal. Officials did not identify specific threats, participants said, but called on law enforcement agencies across the country to watch for signs of problems, no matter how small.

“They don’t want to be dismissive of anything,” Miami Police Department Chief Jorge Colina, one of the thousands of officials participating in the call, said in an interview. “So even though that sounds ambitious, even though it’s just like, ‘Yeah, that would be great if the whole place was burnt down,’ they don’t want us to think, ‘Ah, that’s just a head of ‘pin,’ and be dismissive.

Federal authorities also issued a joint intelligence bulletin warning that the murderous breach at the Capitol last week would be a “major driver of violence” for armed militias and racist extremists who are targeting the presidential inauguration next week.

Extremists seeking to start a race war “may exploit the consequences of the Capitol breach by carrying out attacks to destabilize and force a culminating conflict in the United States,” officials wrote in the bulletin published by the National Counterterrorism Center and the departments of justice and internal security. , which was widely disseminated to law enforcement agencies across the country.

In Washington, readiness remained high, with Metropolitan Police Department Chief Robert J. Contee III saying on Wednesday he expected more than 20,000 National Guard members in the Washington area on the day of the ‘inauguration. It is still not known how many members of the Guard will carry arms.

Defense Department officials said Tuesday evening Secretary of the Army Ryan McCarthy decided to arm members of the National Guard who will be deployed to protect the Capitol building complex at the time of the swearing-in by Mr. Biden.

The number of National Guard troops in Washington could eventually exceed 20,000; The figure has risen rapidly in recent days, as intelligence officials monitoring pro-Trump groups online are increasingly concerned that far-right militant organizations have plans for violent protests in Washington.

The decision to arm members of the Guard sheds light on the gnawing uncertainty of the past week. Members of Congress have expressed concern about their return to the Capitol after being informed of several active threats against them, and the FBI has warned of possible violence at the 50 state Capitol buildings.

Defense Department officials met with authorities in Washington on Wednesday to work on plans to prevent last week’s violent violation from happening again. The scale of the demonstrations and the violence of the crowd surprised the police.

A Pentagon official has expressed concern over the repeat of the homemade bombs planted in Washington last week. The official said law enforcement was also concerned that some protesters threatened to show up at lawmakers’ homes or target their families.

During the call with police chiefs, federal officials said they were closely monitoring extremist communications online and urged the chiefs to be alert to potential lone wolf actors and local armed groups, the government said. Chief Chris Magnus of Tucson, adding that he had rarely heard from federal officials. this alarmed.

“They are very, very worried about these, what they have called violent extremists within their country, who are involved in other protests,” he said. “Christopher Wray seemed particularly concerned about the contempt these people have for democratic government.”

There was also a discussion on the balance between the rights of protesters and the threat of violence.

“I think the message is that they want everyone to have their First Amendment rights and to be able to come together without any government intrusion,” said Chief Rick Smith of Kansas City, Missouri, who was on call. “At the same time, how do you prevent violence?”

In the newsletter, written by the National Counterterrorism Center and the Justice and Homeland Security departments and obtained by The New York Times, federal officials said extremist groups viewed the Capitol violation as a success and had been galvanized. by the death of Ashli. Babbit, a military veteran and follower of QAnon who was shot dead by police as they attempted to enter the heavily shielded President’s Lobby just outside the Chamber chamber. Extremists might perceive this death as “an act of martyrdom,” they said.

Officials have warned of possible “boogaloo” activity, a movement seeking to spark a second civil war. They also wrote that “the shared false narrative of a ‘stolen’ election”, “a narrative that has been perpetuated by President Trump,” may lead some individuals to believe that there is no political solution for it. respond to their grievances and violent actions. is necessary.”

Anti-government militias and extremist groups “quite possibly represent the greatest threats to national terrorism in 2021,” the bulletin, dated January 13, said.

The national and local authorities are already taking the preparations in hand.

In Oregon, Governor Kate Brown activated the National Guard “to help with possible future civil unrest,” Oregon State Police said Wednesday. Authorities have not identified where the National Guard would be deployed, but troops from neighboring Washington state have used the Guard in recent days to protect the state Capitol building.

“Recent events on our nation’s Capitol and in our own state illustrate the need for law enforcement to be prepared and properly staffed for all large gatherings,” said the police commissioner of the Oregon State Terri Davie in a statement.

The National Guard also assisted in the state capitals of Michigan and Wisconsin.

Law enforcement presence has intensified at the California State Capitol in Sacramento, with California Highway Patrol officers on standby and outside at entrances, and with squad cars parked on the grounds, blocking the alleys. The FBI has set up a joint command post with local authorities in Sacramento, and members of state, federal and local law enforcement meet daily.

Although Los Angeles officials did not receive specific threats, the Los Angeles Police Department chief ordered all officers, nearly 10,000 people, to wear uniforms every day before the inauguration in order they are ready to be deployed at any time. note. The Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department has adjusted its numbers in anticipation of the protests.

Part of the challenge for law enforcement intelligence gathering was to weed out “ambitious” comments, Miami Chief Colina said. During Wednesday’s call, the FBI acknowledged the unease felt across the country over the attack on the U.S. Capitol, he said.

“It kind of rocked everyone, you know, to see what happened on Capitol Hill. It gives you a terrible sense of unease, and so, they are concerned about it, “he said, adding,” They are concerned about the mindset of, ‘Are we safe here in this? country?’ ‘

John Eligon reported from Kansas City, Frances Robles from Miami and Zolan Kanno-Youngs and Helene Cooper from Washington. Adam Goldman of Washington contributed reporting; Mike Baker of Seattle; Shawn Hubler of Sacramento, Simon Romero of Albuquerque; Richard Fausset in Atlanta; Giulia McDonnell Nieto del Rio in New York; Julie Bosman in Chicago and Tim Arango and Manny Fernandez in Los Angeles.

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Congress united after September 11, but 1/6 widened the gap

WASHINGTON – As Senate Majority Leader on September 11, 2001, Tom Daschle was among those hastily evacuated amid the chaos of an expected attack on the Capitol, only to return later that evening for a bipartisan demonstration of unity and resolution on the marble steps. many had fled a few hours earlier.

“We all got together after 9/11 and declared ourselves Americans, not just Republicans and Democrats, as we sang ‘God Bless America’ on those same steps of the Capitol and returned to business the next morning,” Mr. Daschle, the former Democratic Senator from South Dakota, recalled this week.

But like many Democrats, Mr. Daschle is not in a unifying mood following the assault on Capitol Hill by a pro-Trump mob last week, and January 6 is not turning out to be a moment of the 11th. September.

This time, the threat to Congress did not come from 19 shadowy hijackers from abroad but from within – fellow Americans and colleagues taking their usual places in the House and Senate to try to overthrow the victory of President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. and stoking President Trump’s misrepresentation about stolen elections, which inspired the violent riots that drove lawmakers out of the House and Senate.

“On September 11, we were united as Americans against a common enemy, a foreign enemy, foreign terrorists,” said Senator Susan Collins, the Republican from Maine who was on Capitol Hill for the two shocking events. “On January 6, America was divided against itself.”

Outraged by the conduct of Republicans who perpetuated Mr Trump’s false allegations of widespread electoral fraud, Democrats are determined to impeach the president a second time, try to expel and censor members who sought to overthrow the election presidential election even after the mob stormed the Capitol, and ostracize Republicans who do not recognize and apologize for their role.

The 2001 terrorist attacks on Washington and New York – and the recognition that a horrific assault on the Capitol was prevented only by courageous passengers who shot down Flight 93 in Pennsylvania – led to an extraordinary period of courtesy and cooperation of the Congress.

The two parties immediately united to show their strength despite the Democrats’ lingering resentment over the Supreme Court ruling that had given the presidency to George W. Bush a few months earlier. Democrats and Republicans have put aside their very real differences – including the concern of some Democrats that the new administration has ignored warnings about the attack – to present an impenetrable front to the country and the world.

“This Congress is united – Democrats, Independents, Republicans,” said Missouri Representative Richard Gephardt of Missouri, the Democratic leader, during a grim but angry proceeding on September 12 as Congress passed a resolution condemning the attacks and promising national unity in the face of such a situation. threats. “There is neither light nor air between us. We stand side by side.

Today there is outright hostility among members of Congress, emotions that will be hard to contain even as Mr. Biden plans an “America United” themed inauguration – an admirable goal, but one that seems difficult, if not impossible to achieve. the moment.

Democrats claim that a considerable number of their fellow Republicans, by stoking Mr. Trump’s supporters and theirs with weeks of unsubstantiated allegations of electoral fraud, are complicit with the president in inciting an attack on Capitol Hill. The assault endangered the safety of lawmakers, law enforcement, employees and members of the news media while undermining the most basic tenets of American democracy. Now Democratic lawmakers report testing positive for the coronavirus after being isolated in secure rooms with Republicans who refused to wear masks, adding to their fury.

They are particularly angered that the same Republican lawmakers who refused to recognize Mr. Biden’s election and fueled divisions over the outcome are now pleading for Democrats to abandon their efforts to impeach Mr. Trump and punish complicit Republicans, in a late call for national unity. .

“They don’t want unity. They want absolution, ”said Representative Ruben Gallego, Democrat of Arizona, still angry at the Republican challenge to his state’s vote count. “They want us to forgive them for their crimes and their cowardice committed under Donald Trump. They would rather feed this monster than defend the Constitution of the United States and our democracy.

Mr Gallego, who has said he will head a natural resources subcommittee, said he and other Democrats are exploring ways to marginalize Republicans who fail to recognize the consequences of their actions if Congress does not wasn’t taking action to try to oust those who were most adamant against counting. Mr. Biden’s ballots.

“I am considering not allowing any Republican bills to go to the floor if you are one of the people who voted against recognizing Arizona’s votes,” said Mr. Gallego, who said that he had steadily advanced Republican bills in the past. “I don’t know if I can look at any of these limbs the same way unless there is a good level of contrition.

For a brief period last Wednesday, there was a glimmer of hope for 9/11 unity as the House and Senate reconvened in the same rooms that had been ransacked by the crowds hours before, determined to demonstrate that the rioters would not end the count. electoral votes. Lawmakers struck a provocative tone reminiscent of the chant on the steps of the Capitol, which this time had been occupied by hundreds of insurgents bent on denying Congress the ability to compile legitimate presidential votes.

“The US Senate will not be intimidated,” said Sen. Mitch McConnell, Republican of Kentucky and majority leader. “We will not be kept away from this room by thugs, crowds or threats.”

At the same time, some Senate Republicans, notably Kelly Loeffler of Georgia, have given up on their plans to challenge the electoral vote. But other Republicans, despite the havoc the election challenge had just taken on Capitol Hill and the fact that they were certain to fail, advanced their objections, one of which was backed by seven Republican senators and 138 members. from the room.

“I give great credit to the Senate and the House leadership for resuming working hours afterwards, but I am shocked that a majority of House Republicans voted to overturn the results of the elections, ”said Daschle, who recommended ethical inquiries in both. bedrooms. “Truly amazing and deeply disturbing. My contempt for them and for those in the Senate who led the effort could not be greater.

Republicans protested that Democrats were trying to exploit the riot for political gain and risk more violence themselves by proceeding with impeachment.

“Why continue this?” Arizona Republican Rep. Debbie Lesko lobbied Democrats on Tuesday in a tense Rules Committee meeting before the House took action calling on Vice President Mike Pence to remove Mr. Trump under the 25th Amendment. “This risks causing more divisions. Record your wins and let’s move on. “

Democrats scoffed, noting Republicans still refused to concede that the election was not stolen or that Mr. Biden’s victory was not the result of widespread fraud.

Without sincere recognition by concerned Republicans that they were the instigators and facilitators of the January 6 chaos, Democrats were far from ready to move forward, holding account for the attack on Capitol Hill that rocked Washington.

For now, the political unity that has become a defining feature of the consequences of the September 11 attacks will remain elusive.

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Congress united after September 11, but 1/6 widened the gap

WASHINGTON – As Senate Majority Leader on September 11, 2001, Tom Daschle was among those hastily evacuated amid the chaos of an expected attack on the Capitol, only to return later that evening for a bipartisan demonstration of unity and resolution on the marble steps. many had fled a few hours earlier.

“We all got together after 9/11 and declared ourselves Americans, not just Republicans and Democrats, as we sang ‘God Bless America’ on those same steps of the Capitol and returned to business the next morning,” Mr. Daschle, the former Democratic Senator from South Dakota, recalled this week.

But like many Democrats, Mr. Daschle is not in a unifying mood following the assault on Capitol Hill by a pro-Trump mob last week, and January 6 is not turning out to be a moment of the 11th. September.

This time, the threat to Congress did not come from 19 shadowy hijackers from abroad but from within – fellow Americans and colleagues taking their usual places in the House and Senate to try to overthrow the victory of President-elect Joseph R. Biden Jr. and stoking President Trump’s misrepresentation about stolen elections, which inspired the violent riots that drove lawmakers out of the House and Senate.

“On September 11, we were united as Americans against a common enemy, a foreign enemy, foreign terrorists,” said Senator Susan Collins, the Republican from Maine who was on Capitol Hill for the two shocking events. “On January 6, America was divided against itself.”

Outraged by the conduct of Republicans who perpetuated Mr Trump’s false allegations of widespread electoral fraud, Democrats are determined to impeach the president a second time, try to expel and censor members who sought to overthrow the election presidential election even after the mob stormed the Capitol, and ostracize Republicans who do not recognize and apologize for their role.

The 2001 terrorist attacks on Washington and New York – and the recognition that a horrific assault on the Capitol was prevented only by courageous passengers who shot down Flight 93 in Pennsylvania – led to an extraordinary period of courtesy and cooperation of the Congress.

The two parties immediately united to show their strength despite the Democrats’ lingering resentment over the Supreme Court ruling that had given the presidency to George W. Bush a few months earlier. Democrats and Republicans have put aside their very real differences – including the concern of some Democrats that the new administration has ignored warnings about the attack – to present an impenetrable front to the country and the world.

“This Congress is united – Democrats, Independents, Republicans,” said Missouri Representative Richard Gephardt of Missouri, the Democratic leader, during a grim but angry proceeding on September 12 as Congress passed a resolution condemning the attacks and promising national unity in the face of such a situation. threats. “There is neither light nor air between us. We stand side by side.

Today there is outright hostility among members of Congress, emotions that will be hard to contain even as Mr. Biden plans an “America United” themed inauguration – an admirable goal, but one that seems difficult, if not impossible to achieve. the moment.

Democrats claim that a considerable number of their fellow Republicans, by stoking Mr. Trump’s supporters and theirs with weeks of unsubstantiated allegations of electoral fraud, are complicit with the president in inciting an attack on Capitol Hill. The assault endangered the safety of lawmakers, law enforcement, employees and members of the news media while undermining the most basic tenets of American democracy. Now Democratic lawmakers report testing positive for the coronavirus after being isolated in secure rooms with Republicans who refused to wear masks, adding to their fury.

They are particularly angered that the same Republican lawmakers who refused to recognize Mr. Biden’s election and fueled divisions over the outcome are now pleading for Democrats to abandon their efforts to impeach Mr. Trump and punish complicit Republicans, in a late call for national unity. .

“They don’t want unity. They want absolution, ”said Representative Ruben Gallego, Democrat of Arizona, still angry at the Republican challenge to his state’s vote count. “They want us to forgive them for their crimes and their cowardice committed under Donald Trump. They would rather feed this monster than defend the Constitution of the United States and our democracy.

Mr Gallego, who has said he will head a natural resources subcommittee, said he and other Democrats are exploring ways to marginalize Republicans who fail to recognize the consequences of their actions if Congress does not wasn’t taking action to try to oust those who were most adamant against counting. Mr. Biden’s ballots.

“I am considering not allowing any Republican bills to go to the floor if you are one of the people who voted against recognizing Arizona’s votes,” said Mr. Gallego, who said that he had steadily advanced Republican bills in the past. “I don’t know if I can look at any of these limbs the same way unless there is a good level of contrition.

For a brief period last Wednesday, there was a glimmer of hope for 9/11 unity as the House and Senate reconvened in the same rooms that had been ransacked by the crowds hours before, determined to demonstrate that the rioters would not end the count. electoral votes. Lawmakers struck a provocative tone reminiscent of the chant on the steps of the Capitol, which this time had been occupied by hundreds of insurgents bent on denying Congress the ability to compile legitimate presidential votes.

“The US Senate will not be intimidated,” said Sen. Mitch McConnell, Republican of Kentucky and majority leader. “We will not be kept away from this room by thugs, crowds or threats.”

At the same time, some Senate Republicans, notably Kelly Loeffler of Georgia, have given up on their plans to challenge the electoral vote. But other Republicans, despite the havoc the election challenge had just taken on Capitol Hill and the fact that they were certain to fail, advanced their objections, one of which was backed by seven Republican senators and 138 members. from the room.

“I give great credit to the Senate and the House leadership for resuming working hours afterwards, but I am shocked that a majority of House Republicans voted to overturn the results of the elections, ”said Daschle, who recommended ethical inquiries in both. bedrooms. “Truly amazing and deeply disturbing. My contempt for them and for those in the Senate who led the effort could not be greater.

Republicans protested that Democrats were trying to exploit the riot for political gain and risk more violence themselves by proceeding with impeachment.

“Why continue this?” Arizona Republican Rep. Debbie Lesko lobbied Democrats on Tuesday in a tense Rules Committee meeting before the House took action calling on Vice President Mike Pence to remove Mr. Trump under the 25th Amendment. “This risks causing more divisions. Record your wins and let’s move on. “

Democrats scoffed, noting Republicans still refused to concede that the election was not stolen or that Mr. Biden’s victory was not the result of widespread fraud.

Without sincere recognition by concerned Republicans that they were the instigators and facilitators of the January 6 chaos, Democrats were far from ready to move forward, holding account for the attack on Capitol Hill that rocked Washington.

For now, the political unity that has become a defining feature of the consequences of the September 11 attacks will remain elusive.

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Travel News

United States must require negative viral tests from international air passengers

Before boarding their flights, all international passengers to the United States will first need to show proof of a negative coronavirus test, according to a new federal policy that came into effect on January 26.

“Testing does not eliminate all risks,” said Dr. Robert R. Redfield, director of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, in a statement outlining the new policy.

“But when combined with a period of stay at home and daily precautions like wearing masks and social distancing, it can make travel safer, healthier and more responsible by reducing the spread on planes,” at airports and destinations.

Dr Redfield is expected to sign the order detailing the new rules on Tuesday.

The new policy requires all air passengers, regardless of their immunization status, to be tested for the current infection within three days of their flight departing to the United States and to provide written documentation of the results. of their tests or proof of recovery from Covid-19.

Evidence of vaccination will not be enough, because vaccines have been shown to only prevent serious illness, said Jason McDonald, a CDC spokesperson.Vaccinated people can still be infected, in theory, and transmit the virus during a flight.

The agency will not require further testing within three months of a positive test, until the traveler has shown symptoms. In this situation, a passenger may travel with documentation of the positive test result and a letter from a health care provider or public health official stating that the traveler has now been cleared for travel.

Airlines must confirm negative test results for all passengers or recovery documentation before boarding. If a passenger does not provide proof of a negative test or recovery, or chooses not to be tested, the airline must deny boarding to the passenger, the agency said.

“Pre and post travel testing is critical in slowing the introduction and spread of Covid-19,” agency officials said in a statement. “With the United States already in a push, the testing requirement for air passengers will help slow the spread of the virus as we work to vaccinate the American public.”

The policy is expanding on a similar rule, implemented in late December, which required travelers from Britain to show proof of a negative result on a test for the virus. The Trump administration introduced the restriction following reports that a more contagious variant of the coronavirus had become the source of the majority of infections in much of this country.

This variant has since been detected in several U.S. states and has likely spread even more widely, scientists said. However, the United States genetically sequence only a tiny proportion of its virus samples – too little to have an accurate estimate of the spread of the variant in that country.

The new travel policy follows an announcement by the Japanese government on Tuesday that four travelers from Brazil had imported another new variant of the virus to Japan. Two other so-called worrying variants are said to be circulating in South Africa and Brazil.

The White House coronavirus task force and federal agencies, including the CDC, have been debating the expanded requirements for weeks.

The CDC currently recommends that all air travelers, including those flying to the United States, get tested one to three days before travel, and again three to five days after travel ends.

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Many airlines offer optional tests for passengers, but only impose them when destinations require them to do so. But last week, a group representing major U.S. airlines backed a policy that would require all passengers to get tested.

In a statement, United Airlines welcomed the move, saying the tests were “the key to unlocking international borders.”

“United has already put procedures in place to comply with similar orders for international jurisdictions, and we plan to expand them in light of this new mandate,” the airline said in a statement.

“In addition, United is actively working on the introduction of new technologies and processes to make it easier to navigate these test requirements for our employees and customers.”

Niraj Chokshi contributed reporting.

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Can the United States Avoid More Political Violence?

Last week’s violence on Capitol Hill may not live up to extremists’ plans: FBI warns of possible armed protests in all 50 states. It’s Tuesday and here is your political advice sheet. register here to get On Politics delivered to your inbox every day of the week.

Biden received his second vaccine yesterday in Newark, Del.


The violent end of Trump’s presidency only puts an exclamation mark on the repetitive phrase of ethically questionable behavior displayed throughout his four-year tenure.

And as he leaves office, lawmakers on both sides of the aisle are already working on ethics changes that seek to prevent some of his most egregious behaviors from normalizing.

Our reporter Elizabeth williamson wrote an article detailing the status of such an overhaul and the likelihood of it being enacted early in Biden’s tenure. Elizabeth has agreed to answer a few questions on the subject for us.

How much of it is about putting in writing things – like presidents who release their tax returns – that had been considered standard political practice, but never made it into official policy before Trump start to rape them?

The Trump administration scandals have revealed two things. First, how many norms of presidential behavior do not enshrined in law, but rather a matter of tradition, imposed by political shame. For example, the idea that presidents disclose their tax returns or that they do not transfer taxpayer money to their family businesses.

Second, the outgoing president laid out the need to update the last major ethics reform bill to pass by Congress: the now squeaky 1978 Ethics in Government Act, passed after the Watergate. These reforms came in response to President Richard Nixon’s use of the Justice Department to prosecute his political enemies. Trump’s yen for doing the same suggests a tune-up is in order.

One of Trump’s most obvious ways to dismiss ethical concerns was his drive to fire inspectors general. How would the current proposals strengthen the protections of inspectors general of executive agencies?

In fact, the IG protection component of the reform package has received early action in the House, according to Aaron Scherb of Common Cause, one of the watch groups pushing for these changes.

On January 5, on the eve of the Capitol Riot, the bipartisan Inspector General Protection Act – introduced by Representatives Ted Lieu, Democrat of California, and Jody Hice, Republican of Georgia – passed the House by voice vote.

The law would help protect inspectors general from retaliation, for example by requiring the executive branch to notify Congress before placing an IG on administrative leave. And that would help ensure vacant IG positions are filled quickly by requiring the executive to provide Congress with an explanation for not appointing an IG after an extended vacancy.

Biden is on the cusp of being a Democratic president with a Democratic Congress. Is there any real concern that party officials may not be keen to pass tough regulations, as Democrats are now calling the shots?

Historically, presidents have been reluctant to renounce any expansion of power enjoyed by their predecessor administrations. But given the titanic ethical blast holes some of these proposals aim to fill, like banning presidential self-pardons or preventing a sitting secretary from using official travel to make a campaign speech. politically, Democrats expect the next to be relatively minor.

Republican support for the changes is less clear. While some may jump at the chance to put the brakes on a Democratic president, the worry is that they will be afraid to support reforms that could be interpreted by Trump or his supporters as criticism of him.

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Do you think we are missing something? Do you want to see more? We would love to hear from you. Write to us at onpolitics@nytimes.com.