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Martin Luther King Jr.’s words ring out in tumultuous times

For Antwan T. Lang, member of the Chatham County Board of Elections in Savannah, Georgia, Dr King’s words meant that we couldn’t be afraid to learn from each other and understand our differences and similarities.

“I hope that one day white America will understand that we do not harvest any hatred, but we do not want to be seen as a black man, a black entrepreneur, a black superintendent, a black doctor, a black lawyer, a teacher. black, black insurance agent, black funeral director, but as a human being wanting to be freely ourselves without having to walk on eggshells for fear of becoming a statistic, ”he said.

“It’s clear to me that our protest and our call to America is that we want to be free, just to be a human being with real feelings, emotions, dreams and goals,” Mr. Lang said, “to be able to live long enough to achieve those goals, dreams and ambitions. ”

“Oh no, Brother Gray. It is not at all a ploy. If we are to be successful, I am now convinced that an absolutely non-violent method must be ours in the midst of the vast hostilities we face.

– Dr King’s 1955 response to a suggestion that his nonviolent tactics were attracting attention.

Fred D. Gray was the lawyer who represented Rosa Parks, Dr. King, and the Montgomery Improvement Association during the Montgomery Bus Boycott in 1955, the event that ushered in the civil rights movement of the 20th century. The quote, found in Mr. Gray’s account of that battle, “Bus Ride to Justice,” was Dr. King’s response to a suggestion that his commitment to non-violence was a ploy to gain press attention. .

“I became a lawyer so that I could use the law to destroy any acts of segregation I could find,” Gray said. “There were other people whose role was to give speeches, and others who demonstrated, but everything had to be set up and done in a non-violent way.”

Regarding last year’s protests against the killings of unarmed African Americans by police officers, Mr. Gray said: “I think we’re going to have to go back to what Martin said about nonviolence and change. social. All Dr. King did, all we did in the Montgomery Bus Boycott was to get rid of racism and inequality. We were able to do a little, but not all. “

Ellen barry, Elizabeth dias and Richard Fausset contribution to reports. Susan Beachy contributed to the research.

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For one of the first times in his life, Trump’s words have consequences for him.

The relationship between President Trump’s words and their consequences has always been fairly straightforward: he says what he wants, and nothing particularly lasting happens to him.

But in the final stages of his presidency and in the aftermath of his second arraignment, Mr. Trump faces an unknown fate. He’s held to account like never before for the things he said, finding his typical defenses – denial, obfuscation, powerful friends, claiming it was all a big joke – insufficient to explain a violent mob acting on his behalf.

In almost certainly the most expansive round of sanctions he has incurred in his life, Mr. Trump’s Twitter account has been banned, his trademark badly damaged, his presidency doomed to historic infamy a second launch. charge. His biggest lender, Deutsche Bank, is looking to create a distance with him. His New Jersey golf club was deprived of a major tournament. Some once-reliable Republican loyalists in Congress are backing down, threatening his grip on the party, even as the president’s popularity with much of his support base remains intact.

Those who have known and watched Mr. Trump over the years cannot shake the irony of a downcast president by the very formula that fueled his rise: inflammatory rhetoric and a self-esteem that sometimes froze in functional self-delusion.

He never considered words to be as important as actions, or even in the same category of potential offense. These are the words that got him through the next interaction, say people who have worked with him. The words were not considered important enough to cause serious problems.

Mr. Trump’s survival instincts were so well developed, in theory, that he had practically perfected the art of semi-plausible denial – a benefit of apparently being on all sides of every major political issue at various points in time. his adult life.

Hadn’t he said the right thing once? That was what he meant.

Hadn’t he winked at the crowd a bit? Everyone takes it too seriously.

Hadn’t he used the word “peacefully” once in that address before the Capitol riot, caught between the more dominant instructions to “fight” and “use force” and “follow rules? very different ”as he aroused anger against elected officials, including his own vice president, who was reluctant to subvert the will of the electorate?

“He used to say outrageous things and then say he was sarcastic, he joked, that people shouldn’t take him at face value – and in fact, if you do, what an idiot you are. are, “said Gwenda Blair, a Trump family biographer. “It’s both a denial for himself, but it is also a denial for his supporters. He gives their something to hold onto so they can continue to believe in him.

But Mr. Trump, and much of the political class who were shocked and bewildered by his victory in 2016, has at times confused his resilience to reputation with the notion that nothing he says can hurt him, even if this is ostensibly damaging.

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Banner titles for tumultuous times

Every now and then a news headline calls for a big, bold font.

This winter, those headlines kept coming. News since polling day has been dominated by the chaos of the presidential transition and the persistence of a devastating pandemic.

There have been vaccine deployments, economic crises, political battles, expulsions, accounts with racism and Congressional elections that made history. On January 6, there was violence on the United States Capitol.

How do you mark the most significant events when the news is so tirelessly remarkable? At the New York Times, one way is to grab the headlines.

A banner title is usually one that spans the front page or website of a newspaper. It uses giant letters and bold type to convey the magnitude of a news item, pushing other articles out of its way.

There have been plenty of headlines on the front pages of The Times this winter – more than usual, according to Tom Jolly, the newspaper’s editor.

“It’s remarkable,” he says. “It’s definitely a reflection of our world and all of the major events that made 2020 so memorable – and also make 2021 memorable.”

Here are some of the most important.

On polling day, the front page of the printed newspaper reflected the anguish of a country that knew, even before polling stations were closed, that it probably had a few days – or weeks – left to count the votes.

When former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. took the lead in Pennsylvania, the fog of an election too close began to dissipate. He seemed confident about his chances, but President Trump was broadcasting false allegations of widespread electoral fraud.

Four days after polling day, The Times called the election. Mr Biden won, having fulfilled a decades-long ambition in his third White House candidacy. Her running mate, Senator Kamala Harris, was the first woman to become vice-president-elect.

After Mr. Trump falsely claimed widespread electoral fraud robbed him of victory, The Times called election officials in every state. They said no irregularities affected the outcome of the elections.

Mr. Trump fought the election results in a state-by-state litigation campaign. When the The Supreme Court dismissed a Texas lawsuit in December, which was a decisive blow to the president and his allies.

The United States began a massive rollout of coronavirus vaccines in December, and healthcare workers were among the first to be vaccinated. They came just as the country surpassed 300,000 coronavirus deaths, a greater toll than any other country.

In January, an audio recording of a phone call revealed that Mr. Trump had pressured the top Georgia election official to “find” votes that would help the president win the state.

On January 6, there was violence in Washington. Crowds of Trump loyalists stormed and occupied the Capitol on the day Congress met to certify Mr. Biden’s victory. The invasion, which left five people dead, had no parallel in modern American history.

Two days after the siege of Mr. Trump’s supporters, Democrats laid the groundwork for the president’s impeachment for the second time. It was a total effort by enraged Democrats, backed by a handful of Republicans, to pressure Mr. Trump to leave office in disgrace.

On Wednesday, Mr. Trump became the first US president to be impeached twice. Ten Republicans joined Democrats in the House in accusing him of “inciting insurgency.”

The only top word in the newspaper printed on Jan. 14 – “Impeached” – was discussed by several Times editors in conversations that took place late at night, Jolly said. It was an “event title,” he added, which is even bolder than a banner and is usually reserved for presidential election results.

But it’s a season like no other. In the past three months, this ultra-dramatic layout has already been used three times. And cash.

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Uncrowded Times Square is always “festive in a strange way.”

The atmosphere in Times Square was unrecognizable three hours before New York City ended one of its most difficult years in history.

With the area closed to the public, artists like Gloria Gaynor and Machine Gun Kelly performed in front of dozens of crowds. The yellow inflatable tube dancers set up along the sidewalks rivaled the number of guests. And where hundreds of thousands of people would once have gathered side by side, policemen walked unhindered through the crowd.

In the lead-up to the evening, officials warned New Yorkers and tourists that all uninvited guests would be turned down. Potential visitors, for the most part, seemed to hear the message, and an eerie silence across Duffy Square was filled only with electric hums and the distant murmurs of conversation.

Rafael Mann of Hell’s Kitchen was on a nearby street walking alone to take an order for his family and return to his apartment. Although the muted festivities were slightly disappointing, Mr Mann said, he had no fancy for a big party this time around.

“It’s been such a long year,” said Mr Mann, 30, “I just want to spend a relaxing night and say goodbye to it all.”

Earlier today, most people wandering the area seemed content to sneak past looks and selfies, as preparations continued for a clean-lined celebration in a relatively barren streetscape.

Normally you don’t see Times Square empty, ”said Allysa Hasid of Manhattan after stopping for a photo with her 2-year-old daughter, Jolene. Ms. Hasid knew she couldn’t watch the ball drop from where she was standing, but she didn’t let that spoil her mood.

“We’re going to be going home the rest of the night,” she said, “so it’s really festive.”

“Festive in a weird way,” she added.

There was a similar feeling in Williamsburg and Greenpoint in Brooklyn as midnight approached.

At Five Leaves on Bedford Avenue, Gabe Stuart and two friends sipped buttered hot rum from cardboard cups, enjoying the sidewalk seating after finding nearby McCarren Park, where they had planned to share a bottle of wine, empty .

“The idea was to stay outside, and finally get to sleep early enough,” Stuart said with a laugh. He described spending last New Years Eve with the same friends, smoking cigars at a lavish party in Greenpoint. “It was overkill. New Years Eve in New York can be hit and miss, so expectations this year are pretty low. But it’s quite weird.

Amanda Browder and two friends who had been on the hunt for an apartment were among those enjoying free shots at the Grand Republic Cocktail Club in Greenpoint, which offered them every hour until 10 p.m., when the regulations of the The state demanded its closure.

“It was our little party, right there,” Ms. Browder said after finishing her photo and a piece of chocolate cake delivered to her table. After finishing the cocktail she ordered, Ms Browder was still thinking about a late-night bike ride on the Williamsburg Bridge. She planned to sleep late on Friday.

“2020 has been brutal,” she said. “I’m glad it’s over.”

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“ Welcome to Texas! Musk’s departure to California stokes U.S. rivalry the Times of Israel

“I only miss Disneyland and my family,” said Ms. Bailey, 41, who moved in 2017 from the Los Angeles area to Prosper, a fast-growing Dallas suburb, and now runs a business. real estate focused exclusively on bringing Californians to Texas.

During the pandemic, she said, she had only seen the trend accelerate, which gave her even more reason to stand up for life in suburban Texas. She said she built a 5,000-square-foot home near a crystal lagoon for about the selling price of her outdated 1,500-square-foot home in Southern California, and felt more accepted. for his conservative political views.

Since last year, her mother-in-law, brother-in-law and sister have moved to Texas. And Ms Bailey said she has seen a flood of interest from small business owners and truck drivers who she says are being kicked out of California due to its laws and coronavirus restrictions on businesses. .

“Yes we have great weather, yeah there are great beaches,” said Ms. Bailey, originally from Orange County, Calif., But felt she couldn’t afford a relaxing quality of life in the city. its state of origin. “You feel like you never move forward.

A particular draw to Texas is that it has no state income tax, although homeowners often pay higher property taxes. The real difference tends to show up in the cost of living.

Mr. Musk, the explosive chief of Tesla and SpaceX, does not share the financial worries that have driven many people out of California. In many ways, his gesture is symbolic.

Recently, he clashed with public health officials in California over measures put in place to slow the spread of the coronavirus, including shutting down production at the Tesla plant in Fremont, a city on the bay. of San Francisco. He called the restrictions to stop the spread of the virus “fascist” and wrongly predicted in March that there would be hardly any new cases in the country. at the end of April.

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Betsy Wade, first woman to edit Times news, dies at 91

Ms Wade replied: “If Judge Werker is now able to say that The Times has made progress in affirmative action, it was our lawsuit that compelled him. The newspaper began to make progress towards our goals when the lawsuit was taken to court, and the women who have been hired since are aware of it.

Elizabeth Wade was born in Manhattan on July 18, 1929 to Sidney and Elizabeth (Manning) Wade. His father was an executive at Union Carbide. In search of better schools for Betsy and her younger sister, the family moved to the suburb of Bronxville, New York, in 1934.

Considering a career in journalism, Betsy worked for student newspapers at Bronxville High School, from which she graduated in 1947, and Carleton College in Northfield, Minnesota. She transferred to Barnard College in Manhattan in 1949, earning a bachelor’s degree in 1951. A year later, she received a master’s degree from the Graduate School of Journalism at Columbia University.

In 1952, she married Mr. Boylan, who founded the Columbia Journalism Review in 1961. They had two sons, Richard and Benjamin. They survive him, along with six grandchildren and three great-grandchildren.

Ms. Wade began her career as a journalist on the women’s page of the Herald Tribune. After her dismissal, she wrote for the Newspaper Enterprise Association from 1954 to 1956, when she joined The Times. In 1978, she was elected to a four-year term as President of the New York Newspaper Guild.

In 1987, after three decades as editor, she took over the Practical Traveler column of The Times, and for 14 years, until her retirement in 2001, she wrote weekly articles on travel advice. A collection of his columns, “The New York Times Practical Traveler Handbook,” was published in 1994.

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Examine the ballot. Recite the name. Sort in the trash. Repeat 5 million times.

Later today, said Janine Eveler, Cobb County Election and Registration Manager, workers would switch to hand-marked mail-in ballots, which would take longer due to potential issues that need to be looked at closely.

But Ms Eveler said that in Cobb County, ballots considered to have potential problems in the first count – worth around five or six boxes – had already been separated and judged once, which makes it unlikely that a significant number of votes will change during the recount.

Any ambiguous ballot, including the batch that has already been judged, would be sent to a panel consisting of a Democrat, a Republican and a representative from the county electoral board. This panel is due to meet publicly on Saturday.

All of Georgia’s 159 counties rely on such panels to resolve issues of ambiguous voters’ intentions.

Just over three hours after the Cobb County recount began, its electoral board certified the results based on the initial count. And yet the workers recounted it anyway. Ms Eveler said the total would be recertified if changed.

Similar scenes unfolded across the state.

In the suburb of Gwinnett County, the audit was carried out in a large room behind the elections office. Near the main entrance, black ballot boxes were lined up in five rows, ready to be spread over 60 white tables spaced around the room.

The morning went well – for the most part. At around 11 a.m., one of the workers received a warning for pulling out a phone, potentially violating a rule forbidding taking pictures of ballots. The worker received a warning. The counting continued.

In Paulding County, a deeply conservative area that Mr. Trump liked a lot, 42 workers gathered around 21 tables in a government office. Most workers were not wearing masks even though coronavirus cases are on the rise again in the state.

By 3 p.m., Ms Holden said, about a quarter of the county’s 85,600 ballots had been recounted. About 50 ballots had been flagged for review by a bipartisan arbitration committee, but in each case, she said, the Democrat and Republican agreed on the voter ‘s intention.

Richard Fausset reported by Marietta and Dallas, GA, and Jannat Batra of Lawrenceville, Ga.

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Seymour Topping, former Times reporter with enviable take on history, dies at 98

He was born Seymour Topolsky in Manhattan on December 11, 1921, to Russian immigrants, Joseph and Anna Seidman Topolsky. Her mother had seen her mother kill in a Cossack pogrom in a Jewish village in Ukraine. His father, who left behind relatives killed in the Holocaust, anglicized the family name.

As a teenager, Seymour read Edgar Snow’s epic “Red Star Over China” and dreamed of being a foreign correspondent. After graduating from Evander Childs High School in the Bronx in 1939, he attended the University of Missouri, whose journalism school was the oldest in the country and had good contacts in China.

He graduated in 1943, and as a member of the Reserve Officer Training Corps was called in the war army and became an infantry officer in the Philippines, where he was demobilized in 1946. Through contacts in Manila, he was hired by the International News Service and, although lacking experience, eagerly accepted a posting to northern China, spanning a decade. – the old civil war which had resumed with fury after the Second World War.

In 1949, after covering Chiang’s defeat in Manchuria and joining the PA, Mr. Topping was in Nanjing as Communist forces advanced on the nationalist capital. He went to the front, crossed a no man’s land, and was taken prisoner by Communist guerrillas. He thus became the only Western journalist with Mao’s forces as the decisive battle looms.

The captive walked for miles to a field headquarters on a battlefield dug by shellfire and strewn with the bodies and wreckage of American-made Nationalist vehicles. At gunpoint, he was put in a hut, where he stayed all night listening to the artillery.

In the morning, after the guns fell silent, an “assistant commissioner” calling himself Wu came to the hut and returned the confiscated typewriter and camera from Mr. Topping. A military escort and horses were waiting to bring him back, Wu told him.

“You know, I came here to tell your side of the story,” Mr. Topping said.

“You can’t help us,” Wu said quietly.

Nationalist forces on the ground had surrendered. Nanking would soon be taken. The war was over.

Mr. Topping, in his memoir, recalled the separation, “As I was riding, Wu came up beside me, put his hand on the saddle, and said quietly, speaking to me in English for the first time. , ‘Hope to see you next time. Peaceful journey. Goodbye.'”

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Americans can add five times more plastic to the oceans than expected

Mr Siegler said researchers had assessed waste disposal practices in countries around the world and used their “best professional judgment” to determine the lowest and highest amounts of plastic waste likely to occur. escape into the environment. They opted for a range of 25% to 75%.

Tony Walker, associate professor at Dalhousie University School for Resource and Environmental Studies in Halifax, Nova Scotia, said analyzing waste data can be a “data minefield” because it doesn’t there are no data standards in municipalities. Additionally, once plastic waste is shipped overseas, he said, data is often not recorded at all.

Nonetheless, Dr Walker, who was not involved in the study, said it could offer more accurate accounting of plastic pollution than the previous study, which likely underestimated the contribution from the United States. “They gave their best guess, as accurate as possible with this data,” he said, and used ranges, which emphasizes that the numbers are estimates.

Of the plastics that enter the United States recycling system, about 9% of the country’s total plastic waste, there is no guarantee that they will be turned into new consumer goods. The new plastic is so inexpensive to manufacture that only certain expensive, high-quality plastics are profitable to recycle in the U.S. That is why about half of the country’s plastic waste was shipped overseas in 2016, l most recent year for which data are available. .

Since 2016, however, the recycling landscape has changed. China and many countries in Southeast Asia have stopped accepting imports of plastic waste. And the drop in oil prices has further shrunk the recycled plastic market.

“What the new study really highlights is that we need to get source reduction under control at home,” Mallos said. “It starts with eliminating unnecessary and problematic single-use plastics.”

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Times reporters discuss elections, polls and more.

With only five days to go until November 3, join New York Times Associate Editor-in-Chief Rachel Dry, chatting with political reporters Alex Burns, Maggie Haberman, Astead W. Herndon and Lisa Lerer to discuss what to watch out for and their best. guess what will happen.