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Key moments of day 6 of the Derek Chauvin trial

After a week of often moving and at times explosive testimony, Derek Chauvin’s trial resumed Monday morning, with the prosecution continuing to present witnesses who they hope will support the murder charges in the death of George Floyd.

Mr. Chauvin, a former Minneapolis police officer, is accused of killing Mr. Floyd by kneeling on his neck for more than nine minutes. The defense will claim that Mr. Chauvin received his police training and that drug use may have resulted in Mr. Floyd’s death.

Here are some key takeaways from the opening days of the trial.

An emergency room doctor who tried to save Mr Floyd’s life for 30 minutes before pronouncing him dead testified on Monday that he believed Mr Floyd likely died from lack of oxygen.

Dr Bradford T. Wankhede Langenfeld, who was a senior resident at Hennepin County Medical Center, testified in court that Mr Floyd’s heart was not beating when he arrived at the hospital last May. His testimony followed that of two paramedics who said last week that Mr. Floyd’s heart stopped by the time they arrived at the scene of his arrest.

The doctor said that, based on information he had at the time, he believed oxygen deficiency, sometimes called asphyxiation, was “one of the most likely causes” of Mr. Floyd’s death.

Prosecutors said Mr Floyd died of asphyxiation, appearing to deviate from the county medical examiner’s decision who performed an autopsy on Mr Floyd and said he died “of cardiopulmonary arrest. “. This term, prosecutors said, applies to any death because it simply means that a person’s heart and lungs have stopped.

Eric J. Nelson, counsel for Mr. Chauvin, suggested that Mr. Floyd’s death was in part attributable to his underlying heart disease and to the fentanyl and methamphetamine that were in his system. In response to questions from Mr Nelson, Dr Wankhede Langenfeld agreed that many different things – including taking fentanyl and methamphetamine – can cause death that would always be considered asphyxiation.

Mr. Nelson used his interrogation to stress to Dr. Wankhede Langenfeld that naloxone, the anti-overdose treatment often known as Narcan, was never given to Mr. Floyd. Dr Wankhede Langenfeld said that even if Mr Floyd had suffered from an overdose, giving him naloxone would have had “no benefit” because his heart had already stopped.

Dr Wankhede Langenfeld said he considered overdose to be a less likely cause of Mr Floyd’s death at the time, in part because the paramedics who brought Mr Floyd to the hospital did not give no indication that he overdosed on it.

Dr Wankhede Langenfeld said he declared Mr Floyd dead after about 30 minutes in the emergency room. The official time of Mr. Floyd’s death is 9:25 p.m.

Jerry W. Blackwell, the prosecutor interviewing Dr. Wankhede Langenfeld, used some of his questions to point out that Mr. Chauvin and other police officers present at the scene had not provided medical attention to Mr. Floyd.

In response to questions, Dr. Wankhede Langenfeld noted that starting CPR as early as possible is essential for patients with cardiac arrest, as was Mr. Floyd. He said there is about a 10 to 15 percent decrease in a patient’s chance of survival for every minute that CPR is not given.

“It is well known that any amount of time a patient spends in cardiac arrest without immediate CPR dramatically decreases the chances of a good outcome,” said Dr. Wankhede Langenfeld. He noted that the term “cardiac arrest” only means that a patient’s heart has stopped, and not that the patient has necessarily suffered a heart attack.

The doctor, who is in his early 30s, graduated from the University of Minnesota Medical School in 2016 and had received his license as a physician and surgeon just 18 days before May 25, when Mr. Floyd was rushed to hospital, according to state records.

The trial got off to a strange start on Monday. The entire jury was questioned and Judge Peter A. Cahill turned off the audio and video streams. But according to a reporter by the pool in the room, each of the jurors had a sheet of paper in front of them with a social media post that the judge asked them to read.

He noted that on the sheet there was a comment halfway there. He asked jurors if any of them made a statement, or something similar, which was apparently in the social media post.

Thirteen of the 14 jurors raised their hands to indicate that they had not said anything as stated (the specific statement was not shared publicly). The 14th juror shook his head and finally raised his hand.

The judge then turned the sheet over to them and asked them if they recognized the photo of the person on the sheet. The 14 jurors all raised their hands to indicate that they had not recognized the person. After the jurors left, the judge said he believed the jurors were credible.

“It was nothing more than a social media nonsense,” he said.

Jurors are not supposed to discuss the case with anyone – even among themselves – or read coverage of the trial as it unfolds.

The strategies outlined by the defense and prosecution teams in last week’s opening statements could be clearly seen when questioning witnesses.

Eric J. Nelson, Mr Chauvin’s lawyer, has made it clear that he will try to convince jurors that the videos of Mr Floyd’s death did not tell the whole story. The case “obviously lasts over 9 minutes and 29 seconds,” Nelson said, referring to the time during which Mr. Chauvin knelt on top of Mr. Floyd.

He reported that he intended to argue that Mr. Chauvin had completed his training, that his knee was not necessarily on Mr. Floyd’s neck and that Mr. Floyd’s death may have been caused by drugs.

Mr Blackwell, one of the prosecutors, urged jurors to “believe your eyes, that this is homicide – this is murder”. Prosecutors call all of their witnesses before the defense begins to make its case, so the first week of testimony was heavily geared towards the prosecution’s arguments.

The trial began with powerful testimony from a series of witnesses to the arrest, many of whom broke down in tears as they recounted what they saw. They included several women who were under 18 at the time of the arrest, as well as a 61-year-old man who spoke to Mr Floyd while he was grounded.

From the Cup Foods convenience store clerk where Mr. Floyd bought cigarettes to a firefighter on leave who yelled at officers as Mr. Floyd grew numb, they conveyed a shared sense of trauma from what they saw That day.

Highlighting the emotional trauma Mr. Floyd’s arrest caused to witnesses, prosecutors apparently hoped to convince jurors that Mr. Chauvin’s actions had clearly been excessive for people who saw them in real time. A witness, Darnella Frazier, now 18, said she was haunted by what she saw, sometimes awake at night “apologizing to George Floyd for not doing more, for not interacting physically and not having saved his life ”.

For the first time, the last moments before Mr Floyd’s arrest have been shown in detail. The Cup Foods surveillance video, along with the store clerk’s testimony, showed Mr. Floyd walking around the store, chatting and laughing with customers, then finally buying a pack of cigarettes with a $ 20 bill that the clerk suspected to be a fake.

Camera footage of the police corps then replayed the arrest from start to finish. It showed an officer approaching Mr. Floyd with his pistol drawn, and captured the audio of Mr. Floyd’s frightening reaction: “Please don’t shoot me,” he said. he says. Mr. Floyd appeared terrified, first of the gun and then of being held up in a police car.

As Mr. Chauvin tackled him to the ground, footage captured the moments when officers checked the pulse and found none, but took no action.

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Video: Chauvin Essay: Key moments of day 4

TimesVideoChauvin Trial: Key Moments from Day 4 As Derek Chauvin’s murder trial continued on Thursday for a fourth day, those who testified included George Floyd’s girlfriend and rescue workers who were on duty on the day of the death by Mr. Floyd.

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A key witness in the state’s case against Derek Chauvin will likely plead the fifth.

A key witness in the state’s case against Derek Chauvin has filed a notice indicating that he is considering exercising his Fifth Amendment rights, which means he is unlikely to testify during Derek Chauvin’s trial.

Witness Morries Lester Hall was sitting in the passenger seat of Mr. Floyd’s car when Minneapolis police approached him about using a fake $ 20 bill to pay for cigarettes at Cup Foods . During the trial, Mr Hall appeared in camera footage of the police body shown by the prosecution.

“If called to testify, he will invoke his Fifth Amendment privilege against self-incrimination,” said the motion, filed Wednesday by the Hennepin County Public Defender’s Office.

In an interview with The New York Times, Mr Hall said Mr Floyd tried to defuse tensions with the police and in no way resisted his arrest.

In cross-examination of Courteney Ross, a former girlfriend of Mr. Floyd, the defense questioned Ms. Ross about the source of the opioids and other drugs that she and Mr. Floyd had taken. Ms Ross said they had purchased medication from Mr Hall in the past.

According to a Minnesota official, Mr. Hall provided officers at the scene of Mr. Floyd’s arrest with a false name. At the time, he had outstanding arrest warrants for criminal possession of a firearm, criminal domestic assault and felony drug possession.

Mr. Hall was a longtime friend of Mr. Floyd. Both from Houston, they had connected to Minneapolis through a pastor and had been in daily contact since 2016, Mr Hall said in an interview with The Times last year. Mr. Hall said he viewed Mr. Floyd as a confidant and mentor, like many in the community.

The motion asked that the court “quash the subpoena” relating to his testimony and “release Mr. Hall from any related obligation.”

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Video: Chauvin Essay: Key moments of day two

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Chauvin Essay: Key moments of the second day

As the trial of Derek Chauvin, the former police officer accused of killing George Floyd, continued in Minneapolis on Tuesday, the prosecution and defense used the testimony to focus on the progress of the arrest.

“So tell the jury what you observed, what you heard, when you stopped to look at what was going on there at the scene.” “I heard George Floyd say, ‘I can’t breathe. Please let go of me. I can not breathe. He cried for his mother. He suffered. It seemed he knew. He looked like he knew it was over for him. He was terrified. “He’s not moving!” “You are a tramp, my brother. You are a tramp, my brother. You are definitely a bum, my brother. “Check his pulse and tell me what it is.” Tell me what her pulse is right now, I swear to God. “Bro, he hasn’t moved, not once.” “In over a minute!” “Why was that important to you, in terms of saying over a minute, were you worried about how long this was going on?” “Yes, because I knew time was running out or it already was.” “What do you mean by time is running out?” “That he was going to die.” “I identified myself right away because I noticed that he needed medical attention. In my memory, I have tried different tactics of calm and reasoning. I tried to assert myself. I pleaded and I was desperate. “You’ve heard several people call the officers by name, haven’t you? “Yes.” “And the volume of people who were spectators grew over time. Would you be okay with that? “” Yes. Especially since he was becoming more and more insensitive. “You called it a fake.” “I did.” “You called him a tramp at least 13 times. “Is that what you counted in the video?” “That’s what I counted.” “So that’s what you got, 13.” “And that was at the beginning, right?” These terms were getting more and more angry, would you agree with that? “They grew more and more pleading for life.”

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Manchin backs Haaland for the Home Secretary post, a key vote that indicates she could be confirmed along party lines.

Senator Joe Manchin III, the Democrat from West Virginia who heads the Senate Energy Committee, announced Wednesday that he would vote to confirm Representative Deb Haaland of New Mexico as head of the Department of the Interior.

Mr Manchin’s vote could be crucial for Ms Haaland’s confirmation, as Republicans stepped up attacks on the former environmental activist this week, signaling that the vote to confirm her could go back to party lines.

If confirmed, Ms Haaland would go down in history as the first Native American to head an agency within the firm. She would also play a central role in advancing President Biden’s climate change agenda, as the head of an agency that oversees more than 500 million acres of public land, including national parks, sites of oil and gas drilling and habitat for endangered species. And she would be accused of enacting one of Mr. Biden’s most controversial proposals: a ban on future leases to perform hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, for oil and gas on public lands.

But his appointment has come under fire as Republicans have expressed concerns over his history of pushing the shutdown of fossil fuel drilling and pipelines – positions that go beyond those of Mr Biden.

The Republican National Committee sent an email on Tuesday urging senators to vote against Ms Haaland, writing: “In appointing Haaland, Biden is embracing far-left special interest groups who don’t care about the jobs they destroy, do not know the real impacts. their policies, and have no answer on when they can get Americans back to work. “

If Republicans unite against Ms Haaland, she will need the support of all Democrats in the equally divided Senate, which would allow Vice President Kamala Harris to vote in a split between parties. So far, the vote of Mr Manchin, who heads the Senate energy panel but has often voted with Republicans on energy policy issues, has remained uncertain. Mr Manchin, whose home state of West Virginia relies heavily on coal mining, has expressed concern over Mr Biden’s plans to limit exploration for fossil fuels.

Mr Manchin’s announcement of his intention to vote for Ms Haaland also underlines the crucial role he will play in the success or failure of the president’s legislative agenda. (He has previously said he would vote against another of Mr Biden’s candidates, Neera Tanden, who has been appointed to head the Bureau of Management and Budget, casting doubt on his prospects for confirmation.)

In a statement, Mr Manchin said: “Given the political divisions our country currently faces, I believe that every presidential candidate and every member of Congress must embark on a new era of bipartisanship. It is the standard that the overwhelming majority of Americans expect and deserve. “

Regarding Ms. Haaland, he added, “although we do not agree on all issues, she reaffirmed her strong commitment to bipartisanship, responding to the diverse needs of our country and maintaining the energy independence of our nation.

Appearing before the Senate Energy Committee on Wednesday for her second day of confirmation hearings, Ms Haaland faced stiff criticism from Republicans in the oil state, who made it clear they would not support her not.

Sen. John Barrasso of Wyoming, the Energy Panel’s ranking Republican, highlighted remarks Ms. Haaland made in 2018 as she campaigned to phase out oil and gas production in New Mexico, and a proposed to legalize and tax cannabis as a way to compensate for lost state revenue.

“Is the sale of marijuana part of what the Biden administration calls the ‘best choices’ the Biden administration has promised to give to displaced oil and gas workers?” Asked Mr. Barrasso. He added: “Your preference is to turn to drugs – this is what you recommended to voters – at a time when we know unemployment is high and energy workers are losing their jobs.”

Ms Haaland responded that the proposal was to signal that she wanted to “diversify the sources of income for education,” and added, “I don’t know what President Biden’s position is on marijuana.”

Ms. Haaland has repeatedly told senators that, in her role as head of a federal agency, she would carry out the president’s agenda, rather than asserting her personal views.

“If I am confirmed as secretary, it is a very different role than that of an MP representing a small district in my state,” she said. “So I understand that role: it’s to serve all Americans, not just my one district in New Mexico.

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Key takeaways from Trump’s effort to overturn the election

Ultimately, Mr. Trump agreed to focus on a different goal: blocking Congressional certification of the results on Jan.6.

With attention drawn to the president’s daily tirades and subversive maneuvers, a group of activists – little-known but increasingly influential – traveled from town to town in MAGA-red buses, organizing rallies to pressure key senators to challenge the vote. The bus tour was organized by a group called Women for America First.

The group would help build a strongly Trumpian coalition that included incumbent and incumbent members of Congress, grassroots voters and “dismantled” extremists and conspiracy theorists promoted on an early draft of its “Trump March” homepage – since deleted but found in internet archives – including white nationalist Jared Taylor, prominent QAnon supporters and Proud Boys leader Enrique Tarrio.

Women for America First had various ties to the president and those close to him. Its leader, Amy Kremer, was a key organizer of the Tea Party era and an early supporter of Mr. Trump, having launched a super PAC Women for Trump in 2016. And two of the group’s organizers had their own important links. One, Jennifer Lawrence, knew Mr. Trump through his father, who had done business with him; another, Dustin Stockton, had credibility in the gun rights community as a coordinator with Gun Owners of America. The two had also worked with Mr. Bannon.

Among the sponsors of the bus tour were Mr Bannon and Mike Lindell, the founder of MyPillow, who says he has spent $ 2 million so far to investigate the voting machines and foreign interference. Mr Lindell, along with Mr Byrne, was part of an ongoing shift within the Republican Party as mainstream donors withdrew from what has become an overt attack on the Democratic system and new donors have risen up for finance the narrative of the stolen elections.

Women for America First was the original organizer of the January 6 rally in Washington. But at the end of the year, Mr. Trump decided to join the rally himself, and the event effectively became a White House production, with several people familiar with the administration and the Trump campaign. joining the team.

Former Trump campaign adviser Katrina Pierson was the White House liaison, a former administration official said. And the president discussed the timing of the speeches, as well as the music to be played, according to a person with direct knowledge of the conversations.

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Pennsylvania lawmaker played key role in Trump plot to overthrow Acting Attorney General

But the plan was in line with the posture Mr. Perry had taken since November, when he began falsely claiming that there had been widespread election fraud, and throughout that time Mr. Perry remained defiant. Faced with calls to step down because of his role in efforts to overthrow the election, Mr. Perry responded in one word: “No”.

Mr. Perry, a retired Pennsylvania National Guard brigadier general and Iraq War veteran, has previously been under scrutiny for his openness to the conspiracy. He baselessly suggested that the 2017 mass shooting in Las Vegas by a single shooter could have been influenced by “terrorist infiltration across the southern border”. and refused to support a resolution condemning QAnon, a pro-Trump conspiracy movement. (Mr Perry said he believed the resolution violated individuals’ right to free speech and that he did not personally endorse the movement.)

One of the first supporters of the “Stop the Steal” movement,

Mr Perry was one of 126 House Republicans who joined a legal case in December to support an extraordinary trial aimed at overturning Mr Biden’s victory. And he joined more than two dozen of his colleagues in urging Mr. Trump to ask William P. Barr, the attorney general, “to investigate the irregularities in the 2020 election.”

He opposed the certification of Pennsylvania’s election results on behalf of 79 other House Republicans, although he later recognized Mr. Biden as president-elect.

The plan Mr. Perry devised with Mr. Clark sparked a crisis in the Department of Justice. When Mr Clark contacted Mr Rosen with the letter from Georgia at the end of December, Mr Rosen refused to send it, according to four former administration officials. On January 3, Mr. Clark informed Mr. Rosen that he would accept his job at Mr. Trump’s request.

As Mr. Rosen prepared to meet Mr. Trump later in the day and fight for his post, his top deputies, including Acting Deputy Attorney General Richard P. Donoghue, and his outgoing chief of staff , Patrick Hovakimian, summoned the senior leaders of the department. during a conference call, according to five former officials familiar with the call.

They told department heads that Mr. Rosen’s job was under threat because of Mr. Clark’s machinations and said they would resign if Mr. Rosen was fired. They ended the call by asking their co-workers to think in private about what they would do if this happened. Over the next 15 minutes, all of them emailed or texted Mr. Hovakimian, saying they were going to quit.

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Video: Buttigieg says transportation policy is key to ‘American dream’

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Buttigieg says transport policy is key to ‘American dream’

In his remarks to the Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation, Pete Buttigieg focused on a broad view of his tenure should he be confirmed as secretary of transportation.

First and foremost, I want you to know that if it is confirmed, I will work every day to ensure that the department fulfills its mission of ensuring safety – the safety of travelers and workers. And I look forward to working closely with Congress to do this. Safety is the foundation of the ministry’s mission, and it takes on new meaning amid this pandemic. We also have a lot of work to do to improve infrastructure in this country, a mission that will not only keep more people safe, but grow our economy as we look to the future. The time is right, and I believe we have a real chance to be of service to the American people. I believe that good transportation policy can play just as important a role as making the American dream possible – getting people and goods to where they need to be, directly and indirectly creating well-paying jobs. But I also recognize that at worst, misguided policies and missed opportunities in transportation can reinforce racial and economic inequalities by dividing or isolating neighborhoods and undermining the government’s fundamental role of empowering Americans to prosper. . There are so many at stake today, and so much is possible as our country strives to emerge from the crises of this moment with a bipartisan appetite for a generational opportunity to transform and improve America’s infrastructure. So I do not take lightly the possibility of leading this department at this historic moment. And if this is confirmed, I promise to bring the same sense of duty and commitment that led me to serve my hometown as mayor, and that motivated me to serve our country in the Naval Reserve.

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