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HIV-related death rates dropped by half, CDC says

In 2017, more than 16,000 people living with HIV died, and around 5,500 of those deaths were from HIV-related causes, placing the virus among the top 10 causes of death in some groups.

“There is still work to be done,” said Karin Bosh, the CDC epidemiologist who led the study.

The earlier the diagnosis is made, the sooner people can get prolonged care and treatment and suppress the virus in their bodies, said Dr Bosh. For example, the proportion of young people who die from HIV is higher than older people because younger people are less likely to have continued access to care, or because they do not have health insurance, or because they do not seek care regularly.

“This is worrying because HIV deaths are preventable,” said Dr Bosh.

The lack of improvement in deaths from other causes is of particular concern for women and drug addicts, other experts said.

“It really speaks to the things that we think work in public health – community mobilization and engagement,” said Dr. Eileen Scully, infectious disease specialist at Johns Hopkins University. “And that’s not how the epidemic has been among women in the United States.”

Unlike gay men, women with HIV “come from different walks of life” and are often disconnected from support networks, she said. “We still have a lot of work to do, both to build trust and to integrate minority women in particular into the health system so that they feel safe and supported.

Race has also played a disproportionate role in HIV deaths, with the highest rates among blacks or those of several races.

Dr Marrazzo compared the high numbers in the southern United States to the “global south” – resource-poor countries in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere that also face issues of stigma and opaque sexual networks, especially among men. black homosexuals.

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Impacting Travel

International tourism dropped significantly, but experts predict a recovery next year

The latest data from the United Nations World Tourism Organization (UNWTO) show the exact figures of what many already suspected.

International tourism has dropped.

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A lot.

Travel restrictions put in place in January and February in response to the coronavirus pandemic have practically hampered travel, as international tourism fell 70 percent during the first eight months of 2020 compared to last year, according to UNWTO.

Being a trend now

Coronaviruses are a large family of viruses that are common in many different species of animals, including camels, cattle, cats, and bats.

According to the latest UNWTO World Tourism Barometer, international arrivals fell 81 percent in July and 79 percent in August, traditionally the two busiest months of the year for travel and the peak of the hemisphere’s summer season. north.

To put it more harshly, the recession accounts for 700 million fewer arrivals compared to the same period in 2019 and translates into a loss of $ 730 billion worldwide in export earnings from international tourism. This is more than eight times the loss experienced as a result of the 2009 global financial and economic crisis.

“This unprecedented decline is having dramatic social and economic consequences, putting millions of jobs and businesses at risk,” added UNWTO Secretary General Zurab Pololikashvili. “This underscores the urgent need to restart tourism in a safe, timely and coordinated manner.”

The findings also reveal that a recovery could occur next year.

Travel demand remains largely subdued due to current uncertainty about the pandemic and low confidence. Based on the latest trends, UNWTO expects an overall fall of close to 70 percent for all of 2020. And the organization’s Panel of Experts foresees a rebound in international tourism in the third quarter of 2021 and perhaps until 2022.

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