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Gladdie Fowler, educator and mental health advocate, dies at 69

When Gladdie Fowler was a young teacher in Beaumont, Texas, she once noticed that a student looked sick and insisted he go to the hospital, despite his desire to play a soccer game. that night. Doctors quickly discovered that he had an ulcerated colon that had turned cancerous.

“Each of her students was like a child to her,” recalls the young man, Johnny Roberts, adding that he thought he would have died without the intervention of Ms. Fowler, who visited him several times at the ‘hospital. “Everyone loved him.”

Ms. Fowler has become an expert school administrator. When poorly performing elementary schools in Port Arthur, Texas needed help, the principal knew who to call: Ms. Fowler, known as the “turnaround principal.”

She ran DeQueen Elementary School from 1999-2008, and what is now Port Acres Elementary School from 2012-2015. As Principal, she implemented compulsory morning classes for struggling students, professional development for staff and teachers; and a summer school called Camp Can Do to help students who are falling behind.

“If a school was in trouble, you could turn to Gladdie Fowler, put her in a position and she would make it work,” said Mark Porterie, principal of the Port Arthur Independent School District, said in an interview. “She had the knowledge. She had the reader. She wouldn’t stop until she succeeded.

Ms Fowler died on Dec. 4 in a Houston hospital. She was 69 years old. The cause was Covid-19, her daughter, Edreauanna Fowler said.

Ms. Fowler has also advocated for people facing mental health issues. She served on the board of directors of the Spindletop Center, a nonprofit organization that provides mental health services to four counties, for 35 years. She has also served on the board of directors of the Texas Council of Community Centers, which represents organizations across the state that care for people with mental illnesses, developmental disabilities, and addictions.

Her mental health work extended beyond the boardroom. People often called or knocked on his door, asking for help for relatives. “It doesn’t matter what time of day or night,” her daughter said. “My mother would stop what she was doing.”

Gladdie Lee Plowden, one of 10 children, was born in Port Arthur on June 15, 1951 to Fannie Plowden, a housewife, and Willie Sostand, a worker at a petrochemical refinery.

Known to friends and family as Gigi, she graduated from Abraham Lincoln High School in 1969 and received her undergraduate degree in 1973 from Prairie View A&M University in Professional Home Economics and Business Development. child. That same year she married Eddie R. Fowler, who was also an educator. Ms. Fowler subsequently obtained a Masters in Educational Administration from Lamar University in Beaumont.

After starting work at Beaumont in 1974, Ms. Fowler transferred to the Port Arthur Schools in 1986, as a teacher, program supervisor, vice-principal and principal. Known as engaged, passionate and resilient – she has lost her home twice to hurricanes in 12 years – she strolled around campus taking notes on a tablet with a leopard print case. She retired in 2015.

With her daughter, she is survived by her husband; one son, Eddie R. Fowler II; two grandchildren; and seven siblings.

“I love kids, I love education and my only goal in life was to change someone’s life,” Ms. Fowler told the Port Arthur News last year.

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George Carruthers, whose telescopes explored space, dies at 81

George Carruthers built his first telescope from a kit in 1949, when he was 10 years old and lived in rural Ohio. Fascinated by space, he devours magazine articles on space travel.

If the unknown was to be explored, he wanted to be part of it.

Two decades later, as an astrophysicist and engineer – one of the few at the time who were black – he would design an advanced telescopic device that was used during the Apollo 16 mission in 1972 and produces ultraviolet photographs of the geocorone, Earth’s outermost atmosphere, as well as stars, nebulae and galaxies.

“In March 1610, Galileo Galilei reported the first use of a telescope to see the mountains and Maria on the moon,” wrote Dr Carruthers and Thornton Page, his collaborator on the project, in a NASA report at the end. from 1972. “On April 21, 1972, the commander of Apollo 16 positioned a somewhat more complex optical instrument on Earth from the moon and obtained several remarkable photographs showing atmospheric rather than superficial features.

Dr Carruthers, who then designed yet more telescopes that flew aboard a NASA spacecraft, died Dec. 26 in a Washington hospital. He was 81 years old.

Her brother Gerald said the cause was congestive heart failure.

A light and reserved man who often cycled to work, Dr. Carruthers started at the United States Naval Research Laboratory in 1964 and brought his fascination with telescopes there. He led a team that designed a telescopic device that amplified images from space by converting photons into electrons, which could then create electron-sensitive film images.

The device incorporates telescopic optics with a camera and a spectrograph, which scatters light from objects into the wavelengths of its components.

In 1970, one of his telescopic creations, sent into space on an unmanned rocket from the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico, proved the existence of molecular hydrogen between stars and galaxies. Molecular hydrogen, essential for star formation, was previously notoriously difficult to detect.

At that time, Dr Carruthers was working on the Apollo mission and leading a team that built the lightweight, gold-plated far ultraviolet camera / spectrograph, which astronauts John Young and Charles M. Duke Jr. would deploy in the highlands of Descartes.

On each of their moon walks during their 71 hours on the moon, Mr. Young and Mr. Duke turned on the telescopic device. “Once the astronauts put it on an object, they could walk away and work, then come back and change the direction of the camera,” said space historian David H. DeVorkin, senior curator of the National Air and Space Museum, in a telephone interview.

The device was left out when the astronauts left. He’s probably still there.

“He was a great tool builder who applied himself to scientific questions,” said DeVorkin, who is writing a biography of Dr Carruthers. “He didn’t ask any new questions, but he and his science were very practical.”

In 1973, Dr. Carruthers received the Helen B. Warner Award from the American Astronomical Society as Outstanding Astronomer of the Year under 35. In 2013, President Barack Obama presented Dr. Carruthers with the National Medal for Technology and Innovation, the country’s highest honor for technology. success.

When Dr Carruthers was honored by NASA during Black History Month in 2016, Charles F. Bolden Jr., the administrator of the space agency, said, “He helped us look at our universe. in a new way by his scientific work and helped us. as a nation we also see each other again.

George Richard Carruthers was born October 1, 1939 in Cincinnati. His father, also named George, was an engineer at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base near Dayton, Ohio. His mother, Sophia (Singley) Carruthers, was a postman. The family moved northeast to Milford, a farming community, in the 1940s.

“When I was about 8 or 9 years old, I got a Buck Rogers comic from my grandmother, and that was of course long before there was a space program,” said Dr. Carruthers in an oral history. interview with the American Institute of Physics in 1992. “Because it was science fiction, no one took spaceflight seriously back then, in the late 1940s, early 1950s.”

His father died at the age of 12, and his mother moved the family to Chicago, where George took telescope building classes at the Adler Planetarium and was inspired by articles. on the future of space exploration in Collier’s magazine written by experts including German-born master rocket builder Wernher von Braun, science writer Willy Ley and astronomer Fred Whipple.

Dr. Whipple’s suggestion that astronomical work from space might have some benefit confirmed George’s interest.

“Most planetarium astronomers,” Dr. Carruthers said in the oral history interview, “thought it was nonsense, that astronomy is done with telescopes on the ground, and that you shouldn’t. not waste your time thinking about going to space. “

In October 1957, during its first semester at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Soviet Union launched Sputnik, Earth’s first man-made satellite. He and other members of the school’s astronomy club watched Sputnik pass overhead. More importantly, Sputnik’s success legitimized Dr. Carruthers’ desire for a career in space flight engineering.

Graduating from the university in 1961 with a bachelor’s degree in aeronautical engineering, he continued his studies at the school, obtaining a master’s degree in nuclear engineering and a doctorate in aeronautical and astronautical engineering.

During Dr. Carruthers’ first eight years in the Naval Laboratory, his increasingly sophisticated telescopic devices flew on numerous unmanned rockets. But his Apollo 16 telescope was his most important; he was at the Johnson Space Center in Houston during this mission.

“We could actually hear them talk about our instrument,” he told an interviewer for an oral history of a space center in 1999. Mr. Young, he recalls, “was using a sight on the side of the camera to point it at the Earth. to set the baseline for all the other targets we were going to use, and he made sure he saw the Earth and that it was in the center of his field of view.

Dr Carruthers’ aircraft flew on various other missions. One of them observed comet Kohoutek in 1973 from Skylab, the first American space station; others flew on various rockets, including one that unexpectedly captured a meteor disintegrating in Earth’s atmosphere; and one was aboard the Spartan satellite which was released by the Space Shuttle Discovery in 1995 to research the material from which new stars and planets are formed.

Dr Carruthers retired from the Naval Laboratory in 2002.

Besides his brother Gerald, he is survived by his wife, Debra (Thomas) Carruthers, and another brother, Anthony.

Upon retirement, Dr Carruthers taught Earth and Space Sciences at Howard University, where he had been involved since the 1990s as an evaluator for the Center for the Study of Terrestrial Atmospheres and aliens funded by NASA.

At night, Dr Carruthers took the students to the school’s Locke Hall Observatory to observe the stars and planets from a telescope. He also helped high school students build telescopes as part of a summer outreach program at the university.

“He had a very reluctant personality, and you would have to get him out to talk,” Prabhakar Misra, professor of physics at Howard, said over the phone. “But when he interacted with the students – which was his passion – he became a different person.

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Alice Hoagland, a grieving inspiration in gay rugby, dies at 71

Alice Hoagland, an inspirational figure for a gay rugby movement that her son, Mark Bingham, helped set in motion shortly before she died in the 2001 terrorist attacks as one of the heroes of Flight 93, is died on December 22 at her home in Los Gallos. , California. She was 71 years old.

Ms Hoagland, a former flight attendant turned safety activist while carrying on her son’s athletic legacy, was living with Addison’s disease, according to family friend Amanda Mark, who confirmed the death. Ms Hoagland’s death was not immediately announced.

International Gay Rugby is an organization that has its roots in one team in London in 1995 and now consists of around 90 clubs in over 20 countries on five continents. She held Ms Hoagland in such high regard that an award presented at her biennial Mark Kendall Bingham Memorial Tournament, also known as the Bingham Cup, is called the Hoagland Cup.

Scott Glaessgen of Norwalk, Connecticut, a friend of Mr Bingham’s who helped organize Gotham Knights rugby club in New York, described meeting Ms Hoagland at the first Bingham Cup, held in 2002 in San Francisco.

“Nine months after Mark’s death, she is here with an endless smile on her face, just charming and engaging, happy and proud,” Mr. Glaessgen said. “And that resilience and that strength that she just emitted was truly inspiring.”

Ms Mark, from Sydney, Australia, said Ms Hoagland had become an inspiration ‘that many LGBT people needed when challenged with family or friends to be true to themselves .

Ms. Hoagland was a celebrity in every tournament she attended. Players flocked to meet her and take a photo with her. She always had to.

Mr Bingham, who was 31 when he died, had played for a champion rugby team at the University of California at Berkeley. He helped organize the San Francisco Fog, a gay rugby team, in 2000 and became its main striker.

He was on United Flight 93 on September 11, 2001, when hijackers requisitioned him. He called his mother and told her he loved her.

“I only had three minutes with him, and when I tried to call him back, I couldn’t get through,” Ms. Hoagland told The Iowa City Press-Citizen in 2019. “As a Flight attendant for 20 years, I wanted to tell her to sit down and not draw attention to you.

But 6-foot-5, 220-pound Mr Bingham fought back, posthumously earning praise as an openly gay patriot who joined with other passengers to outwit the hijackers and crash land. the plane in rural Pennsylvania before it could reach its target considered to be the United States Capitol.

The stories of Mr. Bingham and Ms. Hoagland have been told in the TV movie “Flight 93”, on HBO’s “Real Sports With Bryant Gumbel” and in the documentary “The Rugby Player”.

Ms Hoagland has become an activist for improving aviation security and allowing relatives of 9/11 victims to sue Saudi Arabia for claiming she played a role in the attacks.

“We are less interested in any financial gain than in bringing the real culprits to court and publicizing our case,” she told The Associated Press in 2016.

The first Bingham Cup consisted of eight teams and was hosted by Mr Bingham’s team in San Francisco. Today it is billed as the biggest amateur rugby event in the world, and cities are trying to host it. It was last held in Amsterdam in 2018, with 74 teams competing.

In a post on the International Gay Rugby Facebook page, Jeff Wilson recalled a conversation with Ms Hoagland at the 2012 Bingham Cup in Manchester, England, in which he told her that his mother had recently passed away.

“I asked how she continued during her grief,” he wrote. “She said it was a goal and a call, and that I would continue because it pushed me.

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Broadway Smashes choreographer Bob Avian dies at 83

In his memoir, Mr. Avian wrote about what made his creative partnership with Mr. Bennett work.

“I was not careful with Michael,” he wrote. “I knew him so well that I was able to tell him exactly what I was thinking. Indeed, I seemed to instinctively assume the role of its editor. Michael was a more mercurial personality than I was, and ambitious as I was, I didn’t own Michael’s searing intensity. I didn’t want to be Michael and he didn’t want to be me.

Robert Avedisian (he shortened the name by becoming a professional dancer) was born on December 26, 1937 in Manhattan to John and Esther (Keleshian) Avedisian, immigrants from Armenia. His father was a chef and his mother a seamstress. By the age of 11, he knew he loved dancing and was quite good at it.

“When my parents went out, I would push back the furniture, clear an open space, turn on the record player and jump into the apartment,” he wrote in his memoir. “Boys weren’t supposed to dance, especially not in Armenian culture, but I liked music, and I especially liked the freedom I found in dancing.”

However, he had no formal training before enrolling at Boston University, where he graduated from the College of Fine Arts in 1958. He also studied at the Boston Ballet School.

After the “West Side Story” tour – which was playing in Berlin when the Berlin Wall came up in 1961 – he booked a national tour of “Carnival !,” ​​working under the direction and choreographer Gower Champion. Not long after, he got his first chance to see a performance choreographed by his friend Mr. Bennett, a summer production of Richard Rodgers’ musical “No Strings”.

“I knew right away he had it – and he knew he had it,” Mr. Avian wrote.

Mr. Bennett’s career took off, and with it, Mr. Avian’s quickly did too.

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Lubomir Kavalek, Czech who became American chess champion, dies at 77

Lubomir Kavalek, a chess grandmaster who fled Czechoslovakia after the 1968 Soviet invasion and, after moving to the United States, became a three-time national champion, died Monday at his home in Reston, Virginia. He was 77 years old.

His wife, Irena Kavalek, said the cause was cancer.

From the mid-1960s to about 1980s, Mr. Kavalek (pronounced kuv-AH-lick) was consistently one of the best chess players in the world, winning over a dozen major international tournaments. Its world ranking peaked at 10th place in 1974.

He was also one of the first and most elite to flee the Soviet bloc for the West.

Mr. Kavalek was participating in a tournament in Poland in August 1968 when Soviet tanks entered Czechoslovakia to stop the rising tide of political liberalization and dissent. Ms. Kavalek, then Irena Koritsanska, was with him in Poland. It was immediately clear to them, she said. that they didn’t want to stay in the East.

As soon as the tournament was over, they returned to Prague, where Mr. Kavalek only stopped to collect a few items. He then jumped in his car and drove to Austria. He had a visa to enter the country, where he expected to participate in a tournament in a few weeks. From there he went to Munich to stay with his father, who worked for Radio Free Europe and whom he had not seen for 20 years.

Only 24 hours after leaving Poland, Mr. Kavalek was safe in West Germany.

Ms Koritsanska left Czechoslovakia a month later for Amsterdam on a student visa. She did not return, living there for four years and seeing Mr. Kavalek from time to time.

Mr. Kavalek remained with his father until 1970, when he emigrated to the United States with assistance from the United States Chess Federation. He eventually became a citizen. Ms. Koritsanska was able to join him in 1972 and they married soon after.

From the moment he arrived in the United States, Mr. Kavalek, often referred to as Lubosh, was among the best players in the country.

In 1972, he was tied for first in the United States Championship. It was a qualifying tournament for the cycle for the world championship, but Mr. Kavalek lost the playoffs to Robert Byrne. He was tied for the first time the following year, this time with John Grefe.

In 1978, he finally emerged the first.

Mr. Kavalek became a member of the biennial United States Chess Olympics team and played there seven times from 1972 to 1986, including three times as a member of the Board of Governors. He played in the 1976 squad which was the first American team to win the gold medal since the 1930s, although the victory was marred: the Soviet bloc countries boycotted the competition because it stood in Israel.

Lubomir Kavalek was born in Prague on August 9, 1943, the only son of Ludomir and Stephanie (Kreipl) Kavalek. Her father worked in the film industry and her mother was a nurse.

At the age of 5, his parents separated and his father left for West Germany.

Mr. Kavalek was around 11 years old when he started playing chess. He joined a chess club at his school and took up the game instantly.

In 1962, just after turning 19, he won the Czechoslovak championship, becoming the youngest champion in the country. He won the title again in 1968, shortly before fleeing the country.

In 1965 he was awarded the title of Grandmaster, the highest in the game, by the World Chess Federation, the game’s governing body. At the time, there were fewer than 100 Grandmasters in the world; there are now over 1,700.

He studied communication and journalism in Czechoslovakia and, upon arriving in the United States, studied Russian literature for two years at George Washington University in Washington.

During his first two years in the United States, he worked for Voice of America. As part of his job, he covered the 1972 World Championship match in Reykjavik, Iceland between American Bobby Fischer and Russian Boris Spassky. He also helped Mr. Fischer analyze some of the matches during the match. (They had met once, in a qualifying tournament for the world championships in 1967. This match ended in a draw.) After Mr. Fischer won and became the world champion, he granted Mr. Kavalek an exclusive interview.

In 1973, Mr. Kavalek became a full-time chess professional. In addition to winning tournament prizes, he supported himself by writing about chess, especially in his later years. He has written several chess books and articles for Chess Life, the official magazine of the United States Chess Federation and British Chess Magazine. From 1973 to 1986, he was the editor of the small business chess edition, RHM Press.

He also wrote a chess column for the Washington Post from 1986 to 2010 and, after the column’s cancellation, for the Huffington Post until 2017.

Ryan Grim, who was the Huffington Post’s Washington bureau chief from 2009 to 2017, has occasionally edited Mr. Kavalek’s columns. “He was a very good writer,” Mr. Grim said. “His column required very few changes.”

In addition to his wife, Mr. Kavalek is survived by their son, Steven, and a grandson.

In 1979, Mr. Kavalek tried his hand as a chess promoter, hosting an elite 10-player tournament in Montreal with most of the best players in the world, including Mr. Kavalek himself. The tournament was won by Anatoly Karpov, the reigning world champion.

The format was that each player faced all the others twice. In the first half of the tournament, Mr. Kavalek finished last, scoring just 1.5 points of a possible 9. But in the second half he roared, playing the best of anyone to score 6.5 points.

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Mira Furlan, actress in ‘Lost’ and ‘Babylon 5’, dies at 65

Mira Furlan, an actress best known for her roles in the fantastic television series “Babylon 5” and “Lost”, died Wednesday at her home in Los Angeles. She was 65.

The cause was complications from West Nile virus, according to Chris Roe, his manager.

From 1993 to 1998, Ms. Furlan starred in “Babylon 5,” a space opera that followed relationships, politics, interspecies tensions and galactic conflicts aboard a UN-style space station in the mid-23rd century. She played Ambassador Delenn, representing the Minbari alien race on the space station.

“Delenn is a wonderful creation, a woman who has to be a leader and has to be strong, but who is also full of emotions and secrets,” Ms. Furlan said in 1997.

Ms. Furlan has twice won the Sci-Fi Universe Award for Best Supporting Actress for her work on the series, which also starred Bruce Boxleitner and Stephen Furst. She appeared in all 111 episodes and in two “Babylon 5” TV movies.

In 2004, she began playing scientist Danielle Rousseau in the popular ABC drama “Lost,” about a group of survivors stranded on a mysterious isolated island after their airliner crashed. She played her character, known as “the Frenchwoman,” throughout the show’s final season, in 2010.

Mira Furlan was born on September 7, 1955 in Zagreb, Croatia, where she was a leading actress in theater, film and television and was part of the Croatian National Theater. A profile once described her as “the Balkan equivalent of Meryl Streep”.

In the midst of the civil war in her native country, she emigrated in 1991 to New York with her husband, Goran Gajic, writer and director. She lived and performed in the city until she moved to Los Angeles for “Babylon 5”. Besides her husband, she is survived by their son, Marko Lav Gajic.

His other acting credits include appearances in “NCIS”, “Law and Order: LA” and over 25 films. She recently appeared in another science fiction series, “Space Command”, playing the role of a former archaeologist.

At the time of her death, Ms. Furlan was working on her autobiography.

An excerpt posted by her manager and posted on her website invoked space to describe her feeling of peace as she battled the disease.

“I am looking at the stars,” she wrote. “It’s a clear night and the Milky Way seems so close. This is where I will be going soon.

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Charlene Gehm, Protean dancer with Joffrey, dies at 69

Charlene Gehm, a dancer who has delighted audiences and critics with her excellence in an unusually wide range of roles with the Joffrey Ballet and other troupes, died Jan. 10 at her Manhattan home. She was 69 years old.

Her husband, Gary MacDougal, said the cause was cancer.

Audiences who saw Ms. Gehm perform in the Joffrey from 1976 to 1991, when he was based in New York (he is now in Chicago), knew that she could give as well as she was pulled, dragged and thrown into the combative. , stunning duets from William Forsythe’s “Love Songs”.

On the other hand, she was an expert in stillness, minimalism and poses with an archaic profile when she was associated with Rudolf Nureyev, as guest artist, in Joffrey’s historic 1979 cover of “L’Apres-Midi d’un Fauna ”by Nijinsky. He was the mythical fawn, and she was the wonderfully unmoved nymph who turned him on.

In “The Skaters” by English choreographer Frederick Ashton, Ms. Gehm could show off her solid classical technique; in her “Wedding Bouquet”, her gifts as a witty actress were on display. As Jennifer Dunning wrote in The New York Times, Ms. Gehm’s performance as a marveling guest at the wedding might be a laughing stock as she appreciates her “subtlety, grace and a bittersweet touch.”

Earlier in the 1970s, as a member of the Washington National Ballet, she danced in various other works, including George Balanchine’s ballets, a production of “Sleeping Beauty” and a version of “Cinderella.” choreographed by Ben Stevenson, her first mentor. Along the way, Jerome Robbins, who had seen her in her works for ballet companies, hired her to perform in the 1980 Broadway revival of his musical “West Side Story”.

Despite all her success in different styles, Ms. Gehm (pronounced with a hard G) had her own stage presence. Slender blonde, she was, in the words of Mr. Stevenson, “magnificent”, wearing “not like Marilyn Monroe but Grace Kelly”. For Mr. Stevenson, Ms. Gehm’s versatility suited the new small American troops of the 1960s and 1970s perfectly.

As co-director of the Washington Ballet with Frederic Franklin, Mr. Stevenson needed dancers “who could do it all,” he said in a phone interview, adding, “I only had 28 dancers.”

Ms. Gehm was “very valuable and the choreographers have always wanted to use her in new ballets,” he said. “She was a good classical dancer with a sure technique and a beautiful line, a soloist rather than a prima ballerina. She had a very positive personality.

Denise Charlene Gehm was born on December 14, 1951 in Miami to Verna Mae (Wiley) Gehm and Charles William Gehm. Her mother was a waitress who became a caterer and her father was a high school chemistry teacher. Their eldest daughter, Jeannie, died at age 18 in a car crash in 1962.

At age 6, Charlene was enrolled locally by her mother at the Marion Lorraine Dance School, which taught different genres. When she was 8, a booking agent arranged for Charlene to perform at nightly shows at tourist hotels in Miami. Her mother made costumes for her acrobatic routines and her father created the props. In one act, she was a sea urchin from a shell; in another, she was a jockey on a horse jumping over small obstacles. The music came from his mother’s record player.

Charlene also studied ballet with nationally renowned teachers Georges Milenoff and Thomas Armor. A scholarship recipient at the Harkness Ballet School in New York, she began her professional career in 1969 with the Harkness Youth Dancers, directed by Mr. Stevenson. Funded by a patron, Rebekah Harkness, the troupe has been transformed into Ballet Harkness.

In 1971, Ms. Gehm followed Mr. Stevenson to the National Ballet, which closed in 1974. Ms. Gehm spent that year with the Chicago Ballet, where Mr. Stevenson was briefly co-director with Ruth Page. After playing with the Caracas Ballet in 1975, she joined the Joffrey.

She married Mr. MacDougal in 1992; A business executive, he was CEO of the New York City Ballet, active in the Illinois Republican Party and appointed to various positions by President George Bush, including as US delegate to the United Nations. They also had a house in Chicago.

In addition to her husband, Ms. Gehm’s survivors include her step-sons, Gary MacDougal Jr. and Michael MacDougal.

After retiring from the Joffrey Ballet in 1991, Ms. Gehm obtained a Bachelor of Arts degree from New York University. Interested in medieval studies, she obtained a master’s degree in medieval studies from Columbia in 1998, her essay entitled “History of the Stained Glass in Canterbury Cathedral”. She was also involved in the scholarship programs of the MacDougal Family Foundation, of which she was president.

After Mr. MacDougal became founder and chairman of the Bulgarian-American Enterprise Fund in 1991, a US government program to promote free markets in Bulgaria – it is now called America Foundation for Bulgaria – Ms. Gehm accompanied Mr. MacDougal on 25 trips to Bulgaria, focusing on visits to families of the Roma population receiving support from the foundation. Sometimes she participated in ballet lessons at the Bulgarian National Ballet to keep in shape.

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Racism-defying Home Run king Hank Aaron dies at 86

After starting the 1952 season with the Clowns, Aaron was signed in June by the Braves, who were in their final season in Boston. They assigned him to play for their farm team in Eau Claire, Wisconsin, and he was named Northern League Rookie of the Year this season.

He was promoted in 1953 to play second base for the Jacksonville, Fla. Team in the South Atlantic League, or the Sally League, becoming one of the top five black players on the tour.

Now he was back in the old south.

“White people used to scream from the stands and call us alligator bait,” said Howard Bryant in “The Last Hero: A The Life of Henry Aaron” (2010). “Jacksonville wasn’t that bad. But places like Columbus and Macon, those places were mean.

Aaron led the Sally League in hitting and was voted their most valuable player. But he was a bad infielder so he learned to play the outfield on Puerto Rican winter ball and in 1954 he won a trip to spring training with the Braves, who were on their second. season in Milwaukee.

When newly acquired New York Giants outfielder Bobby Thomson (less than three years after his famous home run at the Polo Grounds) broke an ankle during show season, Aaron took his place.

He hit his first major league home run on April 23 at Sportsman’s Park in St. Louis ahead of the Cardinals’ Vic Raschi, the former Yankee. Thomson returned in July, but Aaron remained a regular until he also broke an ankle in early September. He finished with 13 homers and a .280 batting average.

Aaron became a star in 1955, reaching 0.314, and he won his first batting title the following season, at .328. When he was voted the National League’s most valuable player in 1957, he came close to winning the triple crown at bat, leading the league in homers (44) and runs scored (132) and finishing tied for third. place by hitting with an average of 0.322.

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ASL interpreter who gave updates on coronavirus dies of complications from Covid-19

Patty Sakal, an American sign language interpreter who has translated coronavirus updates for deaf Hawaiians, died of complications from Covid-19 on Friday. She was 62 years old.

Ms Sakal, who lived in Honolulu, died at the Alvarado Hospital Medical Center in San Diego, where she visited last month to visit one of her daughters, according to Ms Sakal’s sister Lorna. Sheep Riff.

Ms Sakal, who worked as an ASL interpreter for nearly four decades in various settings, had become a mainstay of coronavirus briefings in Hawaii, working with both former Honolulu mayor Kirk Caldwell and the Governor David Y. Ige to interpret the news for the deaf community.

In a statement, Isle Interpreter, a performer organization that included Ms. Sakal, called Ms. Sakal “Hawaii’s performer royalty.”

This was in part because Ms. Sakal understood Hawaiian Sign Language, a version of American Sign Language developed by deaf elders that she had been exposed to growing up.

“She was used a lot and much wanted by deaf people in the community because they could understand her so well and she could understand them,” said Tamar Lani, president of Isle Interpreter.

Ms. Sakal was born on February 24, 1958 in Honolulu to Hershel Mouton and Georgia Morikawa, both deaf. Her father was the first deaf teacher at the Hawaii School of the Deaf and Blind in Honolulu, and her mother was a prominent political activist on behalf of the Deaf community, including helping to draft the U.S. Deaf Law. disabled, Mrs. Riff said.

“We grew up in a time when there were no interpreters,” Ms. Riff said, “so if you were a child of deaf parents, you automatically became your parents’ interpreter.

Ms. Sakal turned this experience into a career as a professional ASL interpreter. During her work, she has performed in all kinds of settings, including theater, law, medicine and education, according to Isle Interpreter. She was a member of the board of directors of a nonprofit group that aims to open a center for the deaf, the Georgia E. Morikawa Center, named after her mother.

Ms Lani said Ms Sakal was also committed to being a mentor for novice performers and did so for her. Before her death, Ms. Sakal was working as a mentor in a year-long national initiative to increase the number of performers in Hawaii, according to Isle Interpreter.

“Patty has always been so generous with her time and knowledge, and she has always been very welcoming to new performers,” Ms. Lani said. “She really sees everyone’s potential.”

In an interview with Hawaii News Now, Mr. Caldwell, whose second term as Honolulu mayor ended this month, praised Ms. Sakal for “really putting herself on the front lines.”

“It was there, a pandemic and he wasn’t sure to go, but she got out and she helped do a job that was essential for people who needed this information,” Caldwell told Hawaii News Now. Neither he nor Mr Ige could be reached immediately for comment on Wednesday.

Outside of work, Ms Riff said, her sister had a number of creative outlets. She wrote poetry and painted. She learned to play guitar and drums and was a singer.

In addition to her sister, Ms. Sakal is survived by three daughters, Aisha Sakal, Amanda Sakal and Andrea McFadden; one brother, Byron Morikawa; and two grandchildren.

Ms Riff said her family were “always very proud of Patty because she picked up this torch, the legacy our mother had, and carried it.

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Joseph M. Scheidler, ‘godfather’ of the anti-abortion movement, dies at 93

Besides his son Eric, who succeeded him as director of the Pro-Life Action League, he is survived by his wife, Ann Scheidler, the president of the league; his sons Joseph, Peter and Matthias; his daughters Catherine Miller, Annie Casselman and Sarah Worthington; one brother, James Scheidler; one sister, Eleanor McNamara; 27 grandchildren; and a great-granddaughter.

Mr. Scheidler enlisted in the Navy after high school and then attended Notre Dame. After graduating, he stayed in town as a reporter for The South Bend Tribune before entering a seminary, with the intention of becoming a Benedictine monk. But he retired a few days before his ordination.

Mr. Scheidler received a master’s degree from Marquette University and taught at Mundelein College, a women’s school in Chicago, where he met Ann Crowley. They married in 1965, the same year he chaired a student trip to Alabama to march alongside Reverend Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. in support of the franchise.

In 1967, Mr. Scheidler accepted a job in public relations for the city of Chicago and then served as publicity manager for Selz Seabolt, a major Chicago public relations firm. It was there, between throwing fishing gear and making cheese, that he became obsessed with abortion. After the Supreme Court legalized the procedure nationwide in 1973 in Roe v. Wade, he took time off to start organizing. He never went back to advertising.

From the start, Mr. Scheidler showed a propensity for publicity. He put out anti-abortion newspaper ads on the same pages as the ads for abortion clinics. He gathered pickets outside abortion clinics. At one point, he served as director of the Illinois Right to Life Committee, but was fired in 1978 for his aggressive tactics.

Mr. Scheidler and his wife founded the Pro-Life Action League in 1980 and quickly built a national network of activists. In 1985 he published “Closed: 99 Ways to Stop Abortion,” an instruction manual that was full of advice on things like “sidewalk counseling,” which involved finding women who were considering abortions and giving them advice. persuaded not to follow, even if it meant approaching them when they entered a clinic.

While Mr. Scheidler drew a fine line between aggressive action and outright breaking the law, many of his supporters, including a staunch evangelical minister in upstate New York named Randall Terry, did not. have not done. Mr Terry formed an organization, Operation Rescue, which took Mr Scheidler’s logic further than his mentor was willing to go – blocking access to clinics and filling out court files with those arrested. Others have taken even more extreme measures, committing vandalism, arson and murder. By the early 1990s, Mr. Terry had eclipsed Mr. Scheidler as the leading spokesperson for street-level anti-abortion activism.