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To remember from day 7 of the Derek Chauvin trial.

Witnesses called by prosecution in the Derek Chauvin trial provided further examination of police use of force policies on Tuesday and gave the defense team for the former Minneapolis police officer some overtures potential.

Mr Chauvin’s defense, led by attorney Eric J. Nelson, tried to bolster his argument that the crowd that formed on the sidewalk during George Floyd’s arrest could have made it more difficult for Mr. Chauvin to provide medical assistance or move his knee, which he held over Mr. Floyd for more than nine minutes.

While the first week of the trial brought moving witness testimony, Tuesday’s proceedings appeared to cement the trial in the second phase: focusing on whether Mr. Chauvin, who is accused of murder in the death of Mr. Floyd, violated the policy actions aligned with his training. Here are the highlights for Tuesday.

  • Mr. Nelson found evidence from prosecution witnesses that could support his arguments. Constable Nicole Mackenzie, Medical Support Coordinator for the Minneapolis Police Department, agreed with Mr. Nelson’s claim that crowds of voice passers-by can make it difficult for an officer to provide medical assistance during a arrest. Lt. Johnny Mercil, a veteran of the Minneapolis Police Department and use of force instructor, also said hostile passers-by could sound the alarm bells to officers. Mr Nelson hinted throughout the trial that the crowd outside the Cup Foods convenience store, who yelled at Mr Chauvin as he knelt on top of Mr Floyd for nine and a half minutes, could have prevent the former agent from helping Mr. Floyd once. he became numb.

  • Mr. Nelson touched on a similar theme during the interview with Sgt. Ker Yang, Crisis Intervention Coordinator with the Minneapolis Police Department. He asked if an officer could “look bad” even when using legal force, and asked if officers were responsible for weighing possible threats, such as crowds of passers-by, when applying force. “You get a lot of information and you sort of process it all at the same time through this critical decision-making model,” Nelson said. Sergeant Yang agreed.

  • Los Angeles Police Sgt. Jody Stiger, a use of force expert, told prosecutors Mr Floyd kicked police officers as a possible attempt to break free from their grip. Still, Sergeant Stiger said that the kick was the only such attempt by Mr. Floyd. He also said that, based on his review of the body camera footage, Mr Floyd appeared to bow to the police shortly after they placed him face down on the sidewalk with his hands cuffed behind his back. .

  • Examining a photo of Mr. Chauvin pinning George Floyd to the ground, Lt. Mercil told prosecutors that Mr. Chauvin’s position was inconsistent with the Minneapolis Police Department’s training on the use of force. Additionally, Lt. Mercil said officers are trained to “use the lowest level of force possible” when controlling a subject. Mr. Chauvin kept Mr. Floyd pinned down for several minutes even after he became unresponsive. Yet Mr. Nelson made potential progress thanks to the testimony of Lieutenant Mercil. When asked about neck ties, Lt. Mercil said it usually takes less than 10 seconds for a person to become unconscious due to a neck restriction. The question could allow Mr. Nelson to argue that Mr. Chauvin’s knee did not constitute a cervical restraint, as it took Mr. Floyd several minutes to pass out.

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Here are the takeaways from Day 6 of Derek Chauvin’s trial.

On day six of Derek Chauvin’s trial, the former police officer accused of killing George Floyd brought two key witnesses to the stand: the doctor who spent 30 minutes trying to save Mr. Floyd’s life before he declare dead, and the head of the Minneapolis Police Department.

Both witnesses provided testimony that may strengthen the arguments of the prosecution, who argued that Mr. Floyd died because Mr. Chauvin knelt on top of him for more than nine minutes, rather than through complications related to the drug use or heart disease. Here are the main takeaways from Monday.

  • Dr Bradford T. Wankhede Langenfeld, who was a senior resident at Hennepin County Medical Center, said he believed Mr Floyd had died from lack of oxygen. The cause of Mr. Floyd’s death will prove to be a determining factor in this case. The lawsuit argued that “asphyxiation”, or oxygen deficiency, caused Mr. Floyd’s death. During cross-examination, Dr. Wankhede Langenfeld told Eric J. Nelson, counsel for Mr. Chauvin, that asphyxiation can be caused by a number of factors, including drug use; a toxicology report found methamphetamine and fentanyl in Mr Floyd’s system.

  • The testimony of Dr Wankhede Langenfeld also gave jurors a better understanding of what happened after Mr Floyd was taken from the scene of the arrest to the Cup Foods convenience store. Last week, jurors heard from two paramedics who arrived at the scene. One of them, Derek Smith, said he tried to revive Mr. Floyd using several techniques, but none were effective. Mr Smith said Mr Floyd appeared to be dead by the time he arrived at Cup Foods.

    On Monday, Dr Wankhede Langenfeld said he tried to save Mr Floyd for about 30 minutes before declaring him dead. Dr Wankhede Langenfeld said at the time he considered overdose to be a less likely cause of death because paramedics who brought Mr Floyd to hospital made no mention of an overdose. Additionally, the doctor said patients with cardiac arrest had a 10-15% decrease in their chance of survival for every minute that CPR was not given. Police officers did not administer CPR at the scene, even after Mr. Floyd lost consciousness.

  • Minneapolis Police Department chief Medaria Arradondo testified Monday that Mr. Chauvin “absolutely” violated departmental policies when he knelt on top of Mr. Floyd for more than nine minutes. “Once Mr. Floyd had stopped resisting, and certainly once he was in distress and tried to verbalize it, it should have stopped,” Chief Arradondo said. The statement was an unequivocal rebuke from Mr. Chauvin’s leader and an unusual display of an interim leader testifying against a police officer.

    Mr Chauvin’s defense pushed back on the issue of possible policy violations, asking Chief Arradondo whether police officers often need to assess many factors when applying force to a suspect, such as any potential threat from a crowd in the room. proximity. Throughout the trial, Mr. Nelson pointed to the crowds of passers-by who gathered along the sidewalk during the arrest, suggesting they may have hampered Mr. Chauvin’s ability to provide medical assistance. to Mr. Floyd.

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Video: Watch the live video: Day 6 of the Derek Chauvin trial

TimesVideoWatch Live Video: Day 6 of Derek Chauvin’s Trial Watch live video from the trial of Derek Chauvin, the former police officer charged with the death of George Floyd. Disclaimer: Video may include graphic images. By Court TV.

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Key moments of day 6 of the Derek Chauvin trial

After a week of often moving and at times explosive testimony, Derek Chauvin’s trial resumed Monday morning, with the prosecution continuing to present witnesses who they hope will support the murder charges in the death of George Floyd.

Mr. Chauvin, a former Minneapolis police officer, is accused of killing Mr. Floyd by kneeling on his neck for more than nine minutes. The defense will claim that Mr. Chauvin received his police training and that drug use may have resulted in Mr. Floyd’s death.

Here are some key takeaways from the opening days of the trial.

An emergency room doctor who tried to save Mr Floyd’s life for 30 minutes before pronouncing him dead testified on Monday that he believed Mr Floyd likely died from lack of oxygen.

Dr Bradford T. Wankhede Langenfeld, who was a senior resident at Hennepin County Medical Center, testified in court that Mr Floyd’s heart was not beating when he arrived at the hospital last May. His testimony followed that of two paramedics who said last week that Mr. Floyd’s heart stopped by the time they arrived at the scene of his arrest.

The doctor said that, based on information he had at the time, he believed oxygen deficiency, sometimes called asphyxiation, was “one of the most likely causes” of Mr. Floyd’s death.

Prosecutors said Mr Floyd died of asphyxiation, appearing to deviate from the county medical examiner’s decision who performed an autopsy on Mr Floyd and said he died “of cardiopulmonary arrest. “. This term, prosecutors said, applies to any death because it simply means that a person’s heart and lungs have stopped.

Eric J. Nelson, counsel for Mr. Chauvin, suggested that Mr. Floyd’s death was in part attributable to his underlying heart disease and to the fentanyl and methamphetamine that were in his system. In response to questions from Mr Nelson, Dr Wankhede Langenfeld agreed that many different things – including taking fentanyl and methamphetamine – can cause death that would always be considered asphyxiation.

Mr. Nelson used his interrogation to stress to Dr. Wankhede Langenfeld that naloxone, the anti-overdose treatment often known as Narcan, was never given to Mr. Floyd. Dr Wankhede Langenfeld said that even if Mr Floyd had suffered from an overdose, giving him naloxone would have had “no benefit” because his heart had already stopped.

Dr Wankhede Langenfeld said he considered overdose to be a less likely cause of Mr Floyd’s death at the time, in part because the paramedics who brought Mr Floyd to the hospital did not give no indication that he overdosed on it.

Dr Wankhede Langenfeld said he declared Mr Floyd dead after about 30 minutes in the emergency room. The official time of Mr. Floyd’s death is 9:25 p.m.

Jerry W. Blackwell, the prosecutor interviewing Dr. Wankhede Langenfeld, used some of his questions to point out that Mr. Chauvin and other police officers present at the scene had not provided medical attention to Mr. Floyd.

In response to questions, Dr. Wankhede Langenfeld noted that starting CPR as early as possible is essential for patients with cardiac arrest, as was Mr. Floyd. He said there is about a 10 to 15 percent decrease in a patient’s chance of survival for every minute that CPR is not given.

“It is well known that any amount of time a patient spends in cardiac arrest without immediate CPR dramatically decreases the chances of a good outcome,” said Dr. Wankhede Langenfeld. He noted that the term “cardiac arrest” only means that a patient’s heart has stopped, and not that the patient has necessarily suffered a heart attack.

The doctor, who is in his early 30s, graduated from the University of Minnesota Medical School in 2016 and had received his license as a physician and surgeon just 18 days before May 25, when Mr. Floyd was rushed to hospital, according to state records.

The trial got off to a strange start on Monday. The entire jury was questioned and Judge Peter A. Cahill turned off the audio and video streams. But according to a reporter by the pool in the room, each of the jurors had a sheet of paper in front of them with a social media post that the judge asked them to read.

He noted that on the sheet there was a comment halfway there. He asked jurors if any of them made a statement, or something similar, which was apparently in the social media post.

Thirteen of the 14 jurors raised their hands to indicate that they had not said anything as stated (the specific statement was not shared publicly). The 14th juror shook his head and finally raised his hand.

The judge then turned the sheet over to them and asked them if they recognized the photo of the person on the sheet. The 14 jurors all raised their hands to indicate that they had not recognized the person. After the jurors left, the judge said he believed the jurors were credible.

“It was nothing more than a social media nonsense,” he said.

Jurors are not supposed to discuss the case with anyone – even among themselves – or read coverage of the trial as it unfolds.

The strategies outlined by the defense and prosecution teams in last week’s opening statements could be clearly seen when questioning witnesses.

Eric J. Nelson, Mr Chauvin’s lawyer, has made it clear that he will try to convince jurors that the videos of Mr Floyd’s death did not tell the whole story. The case “obviously lasts over 9 minutes and 29 seconds,” Nelson said, referring to the time during which Mr. Chauvin knelt on top of Mr. Floyd.

He reported that he intended to argue that Mr. Chauvin had completed his training, that his knee was not necessarily on Mr. Floyd’s neck and that Mr. Floyd’s death may have been caused by drugs.

Mr Blackwell, one of the prosecutors, urged jurors to “believe your eyes, that this is homicide – this is murder”. Prosecutors call all of their witnesses before the defense begins to make its case, so the first week of testimony was heavily geared towards the prosecution’s arguments.

The trial began with powerful testimony from a series of witnesses to the arrest, many of whom broke down in tears as they recounted what they saw. They included several women who were under 18 at the time of the arrest, as well as a 61-year-old man who spoke to Mr Floyd while he was grounded.

From the Cup Foods convenience store clerk where Mr. Floyd bought cigarettes to a firefighter on leave who yelled at officers as Mr. Floyd grew numb, they conveyed a shared sense of trauma from what they saw That day.

Highlighting the emotional trauma Mr. Floyd’s arrest caused to witnesses, prosecutors apparently hoped to convince jurors that Mr. Chauvin’s actions had clearly been excessive for people who saw them in real time. A witness, Darnella Frazier, now 18, said she was haunted by what she saw, sometimes awake at night “apologizing to George Floyd for not doing more, for not interacting physically and not having saved his life ”.

For the first time, the last moments before Mr Floyd’s arrest have been shown in detail. The Cup Foods surveillance video, along with the store clerk’s testimony, showed Mr. Floyd walking around the store, chatting and laughing with customers, then finally buying a pack of cigarettes with a $ 20 bill that the clerk suspected to be a fake.

Camera footage of the police corps then replayed the arrest from start to finish. It showed an officer approaching Mr. Floyd with his pistol drawn, and captured the audio of Mr. Floyd’s frightening reaction: “Please don’t shoot me,” he said. he says. Mr. Floyd appeared terrified, first of the gun and then of being held up in a police car.

As Mr. Chauvin tackled him to the ground, footage captured the moments when officers checked the pulse and found none, but took no action.

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To remember from day 5 of the Derek Chauvin trial.

Friday’s proceedings in Derek Chauvin’s trial ended with critical testimony from the senior Minneapolis Police Department officer, who said Mr. Chauvin’s actions were “completely unnecessary.”

Police testimony against Mr Chauvin, the former officer charged with the murder of George Floyd, could be crucial to the prosecution case as they begin next week. Friday’s proceedings ended early as the trial is ahead of schedule, the judge said. Here are the highlights.

  • Lt. Richard Zimmerman, who heads the department’s homicide unit, said Mr. Chauvin’s actions violated police policy. “Bringing him back to the ground face down and putting your knee on your neck during that time is just unnecessary,” said Lt. Zimmerman, who joined the department in 1985. He was part of a group. of 14 veteran police officers who published a public letter last June condemning Mr. Chauvin’s actions. Officers said the letter was representative of the views of hundreds of police officers. “It’s not who we are,” they wrote.

  • The first witness of the day, Sgt. Jon Edwards, was sent to the Cup Foods convenience store after the arrest to secure the crime scene. Mr Edwards said he followed protocol by telling officers who were still at the scene to turn on their body cameras and identify areas where they interacted with Mr Floyd. He also asked them to try to find witnesses, although most people have already left. Sergeant Edwards found at least one witness, Charles McMillian, who gave moving testimony earlier this week. At the scene that night, Mr. McMillian asked Sergeant Edwards if he was under arrest. When Sergeant Edwards said no, Mr. McMillian said he wanted to leave.

  • The additional police testimony will be an important tool for prosecutors, who seek to show that Mr. Chauvin violated use of force policies and that his actions were unnecessary and illegal. Eric J. Nelson, Mr. Chauvin’s defense attorney, used his cross-examination of Lieutenant Zimmerman to temper these ideas. Mr Nelson asked the lieutenant if people could become combative after waking up from fainting. Lt. Zimmerman also said police officers are trained to kneel on people’s shoulders in certain circumstances when handcuffing a person. Throughout the trial, Mr. Nelson suggested that Mr. Chauvin’s knee was on Mr. Floyd’s back or shoulder, and not on his neck.

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Video: Chauvin Essay: Key moments of day 4

TimesVideoChauvin Trial: Key Moments from Day 4 As Derek Chauvin’s murder trial continued on Thursday for a fourth day, those who testified included George Floyd’s girlfriend and rescue workers who were on duty on the day of the death by Mr. Floyd.

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Are you logging on to day 4 of Derek Chauvin’s trial? Here’s what happened this morning.

The testimony continued on day four of Derek Chauvin’s trial, with appearances by George Floyd’s girlfriend and a paramedic responding to the scene.

Here are some of the highlights so far:

  • Courteney Ross, who dated George Floyd for nearly three years before his death in May, was the first witness cited by prosecutors. His testimony focused on Mr. Floyd’s struggle with drug addiction, an attempt by prosecutors to ignore Mr. Chauvin’s attorney’s argument that Mr. Floyd’s drug use could have led to his death or causing him to struggle more with the officers when they tried to put him in a police car.

    Ms Ross delivered a tearful testimony about their joint struggle with an opioid addiction and shared details about their relationship, including how they met and their first kiss.

    Mr. Chauvin’s attorney, Eric J. Nelson, polled Ms. Ross about her and Mr. Floyd’s drug use, asking where they were buying opioids and other drugs from her and Mr. Floyd. had taken. She said they had bought drugs from Morries Lester Hall in the past. Mr. Hall was in the car with Mr. Floyd on the day of his death when police approached him about the $ 20 bill. In a filing on Wednesday, Mr Hall said he would invoke his Fifth Amendment right against self-incrimination if called to testify at the trial.

  • Seth Bravinder, a Hennepin County paramedic, spoke after the morning break. He was on duty the day George Floyd died and was dispatched to the scene of Floyd’s arrest. Mr. Bravinder has answered questions about Mr. Floyd’s treatment and is attempting to resuscitate him.

    He said Mr. Floyd appeared lifeless when they arrived at the scene. “I didn’t see any breathing or movement,” he said.

    Mr Bravinder and his partner transferred Mr Floyd to the ambulance soon after he arrived, he said. They parked the ambulance several blocks away and Mr. Bravinder moved to the back of the ambulance to help his partner resuscitate Mr. Floyd.

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Video: Watch live: Day 3 of the Derek Chauvin trial

TimesVideoWatch Live: Derek Chauvin Trial Day 3 Watch live coverage of Derek Chauvin’s trial. Disclaimer: Video may include graphic images. By Court TV.

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Video: Chauvin Essay: Key moments of day two

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Chauvin Essay: Key moments of the second day

As the trial of Derek Chauvin, the former police officer accused of killing George Floyd, continued in Minneapolis on Tuesday, the prosecution and defense used the testimony to focus on the progress of the arrest.

“So tell the jury what you observed, what you heard, when you stopped to look at what was going on there at the scene.” “I heard George Floyd say, ‘I can’t breathe. Please let go of me. I can not breathe. He cried for his mother. He suffered. It seemed he knew. He looked like he knew it was over for him. He was terrified. “He’s not moving!” “You are a tramp, my brother. You are a tramp, my brother. You are definitely a bum, my brother. “Check his pulse and tell me what it is.” Tell me what her pulse is right now, I swear to God. “Bro, he hasn’t moved, not once.” “In over a minute!” “Why was that important to you, in terms of saying over a minute, were you worried about how long this was going on?” “Yes, because I knew time was running out or it already was.” “What do you mean by time is running out?” “That he was going to die.” “I identified myself right away because I noticed that he needed medical attention. In my memory, I have tried different tactics of calm and reasoning. I tried to assert myself. I pleaded and I was desperate. “You’ve heard several people call the officers by name, haven’t you? “Yes.” “And the volume of people who were spectators grew over time. Would you be okay with that? “” Yes. Especially since he was becoming more and more insensitive. “You called it a fake.” “I did.” “You called him a tramp at least 13 times. “Is that what you counted in the video?” “That’s what I counted.” “So that’s what you got, 13.” “And that was at the beginning, right?” These terms were getting more and more angry, would you agree with that? “They grew more and more pleading for life.”

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To remember from the second day of Derek Chauvin’s trial.

The second day of the trial of Derek Chauvin, the former Minneapolis police officer charged with the murder of George Floyd, was marked by the moving testimony of witnesses who recounted what they saw and how it traumatized them. Six people testified in all, including four witnesses under the age of 18 on the day of Mr. Floyd’s arrest.

Prosecutors went through the arrest minute by minute with the witnesses. The youngest of them testified off camera, although viewers could hear them in real time. Sometimes their voices wavered as they remembered the events of May 25 and the lawyers gave them time between questions to reflect. Here are the highlights of the second day.

  • The testimony of the young witnesses included the grief and anger felt so deeply by people across the country in the days and weeks following Mr. Floyd’s death. Their presence also underlined another point: they themselves became victims. The trauma of seeing a man pass out when there was nothing he could do to stop it clearly left its mark, as evidenced by their tears during their testimony.

  • The young witnesses told consistent versions of what they saw, and all said they believed at the time that something was terribly wrong. “I almost walked away at first because it was a lot to watch,” said a witness, a high school student. “But I knew it was wrong and I couldn’t go away, even though I couldn’t do anything about it.

  • The most moving testimony came from Darnella Frazier, who took video of the arrest which helped spark protests across the country. Ms Frazier regretted not having physically confronted Mr Chauvin, but said she ultimately believed the former police officer was responsible for Mr Floyd’s death. “I’ve been up for nights to apologize and apologize to George Floyd for not doing more, not interacting physically and saving his life,” Ms. Frazier said, adding that she had often reflected on the similarities between her black family members and Mr. Floyd. She worries for their safety and hers. “I watch how it could have been one of them.”

  • Mr Chauvin’s attorney, Eric Nelson, had a difficult conversation with a mixed martial arts fighter who was at the scene of the arrest and testified on Monday and Tuesday. On Tuesday, Mr. Nelson argued that the witness, Donald Williams II, did not have enough medical or police experience to analyze Mr. Floyd’s cause of death. Previously, Mr. Williams had testified that placing Mr. Chauvin’s knee in place could have caused Mr. Floyd to suffocate. The defense also highlighted the loud crowd that formed on the sidewalk and yelled at the police during the arrest. Mr. Williams brushed aside the attorney’s description, saying, “You can’t paint me to be angry.”

  • Prosecutors continued to focus on how long Mr. Chauvin kept his knee on Mr. Floyd, tackling him on the street. While the defense may argue that the use of force was necessary, prosecutors will want to convince the jury that the delay was unreasonable and illegal. Even though the defense may indeed argue that force was necessary at first, prosecutors want to show that Mr. Chauvin kept Mr. Floyd stranded even after he lost consciousness.

  • Geneviève Hansen, a Minneapolis firefighter and emergency medical technician, also gave a moving testimony, wiping tears from her eyes as she recalled witnessing the arrest. Ms Hansen, 27, had urged police to take Mr Floyd’s pulse. She also called 911 at the time – making her the third witness who called the police on the police.