A Gallup survey released on Wednesday found that more and more adult Americans are identifying themselves as LGBT, a change pollsters see as being driven, at least in part, by people in younger generations who are more likely to see themselves as LGBT. something other than heterosexual.
The poll found that 5.6% of adults identified as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender, up from 4.5% in 2017, the last time Gallup released an annual update. The poll also found that more than half of LGBT adults identified as bisexual.
According to the survey, one in six Gen Z adults, someone born between 1997 and 2002, identifies as LGBT. The growth in the number of Americans who identify as LGBTQ is likely to continue to rise, wrote Jeffrey Jones, editor-in-chief of Gallup, announcing the results. Indeed, younger generations are more likely than older generations to consider themselves LGBT, he said.
Americans are more supportive of equal rights for LGBTQ people, Mr Jones said, which has resulted in an increase in the number of people who identify as LGBT.
“I think the results prove that visibility and acceptance, when combined, will burst closet doors,” said Sarah Kate Ellis, president and CEO of GLAAD, a media organization and advocacy group. of LGBTQ people.
The survey was based on more than 15,000 interviews conducted throughout 2020 with Americans in all 50 states and the District of Columbia aged 18 or older. Respondents were interviewed both by cell phone and landline. They were asked, “Which of the following do you consider yourself to be?” You can select as many as you want: heterosexual or heterosexual; lesbian; gay; bisexual; transgender. “
Gallup said the poll’s margin of error was plus or minus one percentage point for all adults, and plus or minus five percentage points for LGBT adults.
The identity question in the latest poll was more detailed than in previous years, Jones said. Respondents answered their specific sexual orientation instead of answering “yes” or “no” to see if they identified as LGBT
The Supreme Court has issued several landmark decisions over the past decade, adding to a more favorable climate for LGBTQ people. In 2013, the court ruled that same-sex married couples were entitled to federal benefits. In 2015, the court ruled that same-sex marriage was a national right. Most recently, he ruled in June that civil rights law protects gay and transgender workers.
But the challenges continue for LGBTQ Americans. Although hundreds of religious leaders around the world have signed a declaration demanding a global ban on conversion therapy, which aims to change the sexual orientations of LGBTQ people, only about 20 states have some form of ban on sex. contested approach. Under the administration of President Donald J. Trump, the decline in trans rights has spread across the federal government.
An annual GLAAD report this year also revealed that LGBTQ representation on television fell for the first time in five years.
The U.S. House of Representatives is expected to vote this week on the Equality Act, a bill that would expand protections against discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity, NPR reported.
While major LGBTQ rights groups were encouraged to see that Gallup’s results matched their independent polls, executives said there was more to do to make the estimates more inclusive for people who are otherwise identify or are non-conforming to gender.
“You are not only erasing their identity, but you are missing an opportunity to understand the complexity of their lived experiences,” said Amit Paley, CEO and CEO of the Trevor Project, an organization that aims to prevent youth suicides. LGBTQ people.
For executives, the survey also highlights a perennial problem in collecting data on LGBTQ people that could influence new policies.
“We don’t really know how many LGBTQ people in this country die by suicide because death registries do not include data on gender identity or sexual orientation, which significantly erases LGBTQ people.” Mr. Paley said.